10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

(Mark one):

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2020

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                      TO                     

COMMISSION FILE NUMBER: 814-00237

 

 

GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

MARYLAND   54-2040781

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

1521 WESTBRANCH DRIVE, SUITE 100

MCLEAN, VIRGINIA

  22102
(Address of principal executive office)   (Zip Code)

(703) 287-5800

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Not Applicable

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class

 

Trading

Symbol(s)

 

Name of Each Exchange

on Which Registered

Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share   GLAD   The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
6.125% Notes due 2023, $25.00 par value per note   GLADD   The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
5.375% Notes due 2024, $25.00 par value per note   GLADL   The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes  ☐    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer      Accelerated filer  
Non-accelerated filer      Smaller reporting company  
Emerging growth company       

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  ☐    No  ☒

The number of shares of the issuer’s common stock, $0.001 par value per share, outstanding as of May 1, 2020 was 31,192,639.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I.   

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

  
Item 1.   

Financial Statements (Unaudited)

  
  

Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities as of March  31, 2020 and September 30, 2019

     2  
  

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and six months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

     3  
  

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Net Assets for the six months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

     4  
  

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended March  31, 2020 and 2019

     5  
  

Consolidated Schedules of Investments as of March  31, 2020 and September 30, 2019

     6  
  

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

     18  
Item 2.   

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     42  
  

Overview

     42  
  

Results of Operations

     46  
  

Liquidity and Capital Resources

     54  
Item 3.   

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     61  
Item 4.   

Controls and Procedures

     61  
PART II.   

OTHER INFORMATION

  
Item 1.   

Legal Proceedings

     62  
Item 1A.   

Risk Factors

     62  
Item 2.   

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

     64  
Item 3.   

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

     64  
Item 4.   

Mine Safety Disclosures

     64  
Item 5.   

Other Information

     64  
Item 6.   

Exhibits

     65  

SIGNATURES

     66  

 

1


Table of Contents

GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

(UNAUDITED)

 

     March 31,     September 30,  
     2020     2019  

ASSETS

    

Investments, at fair value:

    

Non-Control/Non-Affiliate investments (Cost of $379,250 and $361,272, respectively)

   $ 340,608     $ 345,876  

Affiliate investments (Cost of $47,672 and $38,921, respectively)

     39,767       35,421  

Control investments (Cost of $28,268 and $28,259, respectively)

     17,941       21,578  

Cash and cash equivalents

     1,598       15,707  

Restricted cash and cash equivalents

     35       41  

Interest receivable, net

     3,444       2,625  

Due from administrative agent

     948       2,826  

Deferred financing costs, net

     566       866  

Other assets, net

     1,172       1,129  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL ASSETS

   $ 406,079     $ 426,069  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

LIABILITIES

    

Borrowings, at fair value (Cost of $92,100 and $66,900, respectively)

   $ 92,100     $ 67,067  

Notes payable, net (Cost of $96,313 and $57,500, respectively)

     93,535       55,750  

Mandatorily redeemable preferred stock, $0.001 par value per share, $25 liquidation preference per share; 5,440,000 and 5,440,000 shares authorized, respectively, and 0 and 2,070,000 shares issued and outstanding, respectively, net

     —         50,354  

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

     411       576  

Interest payable

     1,202       842  

Fees due to Adviser(A)

     (21     1,452  

Fee due to Administrator(A)

     551       366  

Other liabilities

     378       332  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES

   $ 188,156     $ 176,739  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies(B)

    

NET ASSETS

    

Common stock, $0.001 par value per share, 44,560,000 and 44,560,000 shares authorized, respectively, and 31,192,639 and 30,345,923 shares issued and outstanding, respectively

   $ 31     $ 30  

Capital in excess of par value

     365,333       358,113  

Cumulative net unrealized depreciation of investments

     (56,874     (25,577

Cumulative net unrealized appreciation of other

     —         (167

Under distributed net investment income

     53       136  

Accumulated net realized losses

     (90,620     (83,205
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total distributable loss

     (147,441 )      (108,813
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL NET ASSETS

   $ 217,923     $ 249,330  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

NET ASSET VALUE PER COMMON SHARE

   $ 6.99     $ 8.22  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(A) 

Refer to Note 4—Related Party Transactions in the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

(B)

Refer to Note 10—Commitments and Contingencies in the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

2


Table of Contents

GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

(UNAUDITED)

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
    Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2020     2019     2020     2019  

INVESTMENT INCOME

        

Interest income

        

Non-Control/Non-Affiliate investments

   $ 9,023     $ 9,061     $ 18,671     $ 18,633  

Affiliate investments

     1,146       1,034       2,192       2,209  

Control investments

     413       679       835       1,191  

Cash and cash equivalents

     8       10       16       26  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total interest income (excluding PIK interest income)

     10,590       10,784       21,714       22,059  

PIK interest income

        

Non-Control/Non-Affiliate investments

     412       267       744       604  

Affiliate investments

     —         —         —         49  

Control investments

     —         50       —         76  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total PIK interest income

     412       317       744       729  

Total interest income

     11,002       11,101       22,458       22,788  

Success fee income

        

Non-Control/Non-Affiliate investments

     350       621       350       671  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total success fee income

     350       621       350       671  

Dividend income

        

Non-Control/Non-Affiliate investments

     2       366       166       485  

Control investments

     24       172       210       172  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total dividend income

     26       538       376       657  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other income

     114       262       467       315  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total investment income

     11,492       12,522       23,651       24,431  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

EXPENSES

        

Base management fee(A)

     1,840       1,824       3,692       3,652  

Loan servicing fee(A)

     1,443       1,233       2,846       2,495  

Incentive fee(A)

     1,227       1,383       2,621       2,743  

Administration fee(A)

     358       326       729       671  

Interest expense on borrowings and notes payable

     2,582       2,085       5,119       3,983  

Dividend expense on mandatorily redeemable preferred stock

     —         776       9       1,552  

Amortization of deferred financing costs

     363       341       724       641  

Professional fees

     267       218       452       485  

Other general and administrative expenses

     313       272       659       595  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Expenses, before credits from Adviser

     8,393       8,458       16,851       16,817  

Credit to base management fee—loan servicing fee(A)

     (1,443     (1,233     (2,846     (2,495

Credits to fees from Adviser—other(A)

     (2,005     (720     (3,318     (1,894
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total expenses, net of credits

     4,945       6,505       10,687       12,428  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

NET INVESTMENT INCOME

     6,547       6,017       12,964       12,003  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

NET REALIZED AND UNREALIZED GAIN (LOSS)

        

Net realized gain (loss):

        

Non-Control/Non-Affiliate investments

     (3,070     2,306       (7,504     (24,550

Affiliate investments

     —         (4     —         (2

Control investments

     —         —         —         (9

Other

     —         —         (1,407     —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total net realized gain (loss)

     (3,070     2,302       (8,911     (24,561

Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation):

        

Non-Control/Non-Affiliate investments

     (25,988     4,726       (23,246     24,433  

Affiliate investments

     (4,265     (129     (4,405     4,075  

Control investments

     (1,183     (3,586     (3,646     (10,328

Other

     184       —         167       —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total net unrealized appreciation (depreciation)

     (31,252     1,011       (31,130     18,180  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net realized and unrealized gain (loss)

     (34,322     3,313       (40,041     (6,381
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN NET ASSETS RESULTING FROM OPERATIONS

   $ (27,775   $ 9,330     $ (27,077   $ 5,622  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

BASIC AND DILUTED PER COMMON SHARE:

        

Net investment income

   $ 0.21     $ 0.21     $ 0.42     $ 0.42  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations

   $ (0.89   $ 0.33     $ (0.87   $ 0.20  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES OF COMMON STOCK OUTSTANDING: Basic and Diluted

     31,145,484       28,634,013       30,827,780       28,568,653  

 

(A) 

Refer to Note 4—Related Party Transactions in the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

 

3


Table of Contents

GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN NET ASSETS

(IN THOUSANDS)

(UNAUDITED)

 

     2020     2019  

NET ASSETS, SEPTEMBER 30

   $ 249,330     $ 237,092  

OPERATIONS

    

Net investment income

   $ 6,417     $ 5,986  

Net realized gain (loss) on investments

     (4,434     (26,863

Realized gain (loss) on other

     (1,407     —    

Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) of investments

     139       17,169  

Net unrealized depreciation (appreciation) of other

     (17     —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations

     698       (3,708
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

DISTRIBUTIONS

    

Distributions to common stockholders from net investment income ($0.21 per share) (A)

     (6,417     (5,986

CAPITAL TRANSACTIONS

    

Issuance of common stock

     7,315       28  

Discounts, commissions and offering costs for issuance of common stock

     (137     —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase in net assets resulting from capital transactions

     7,178       28  

NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN NET ASSETS

     1,459       (9,666
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

NET ASSETS, DECEMBER 31

   $ 250,789     $ 227,426  

OPERATIONS

    

Net investment income

   $ 6,547     $ 6,017  

Net realized gain (loss) on investments

     (3,070     2,302  

Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) of investments

     (31,436     1,011  

Net unrealized depreciation (appreciation) of other

     184       —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations

     (27,775     9,330  

DISTRIBUTIONS

    

Distributions to common stockholders from net investment income ($0.21 per share) (A)

     (6,547     (6,017

CAPITAL TRANSACTIONS

    

Issuance of common stock

     1,482       4,258  

Discounts, commissions and offering costs for issuance of common stock

     (26     (74
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase in net assets resulting from capital transactions

     1,456       4,184  

NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN NET ASSETS

     (32,866     7,497  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

NET ASSETS, MARCH 31

   $ 217,923     $ 234,923  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(A)

Refer to Note 9 – Distributions to Common Stockholders in the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

4


Table of Contents

GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(IN THOUSANDS)

(UNAUDITED)

 

     Six Months Ended March 31,  
     2020     2019  

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES

    

Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations

   $ (27,077   $ 5,622  

Adjustments to reconcile net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations to net cash provided by (used) in operating activities:

    

Purchase of investments

     (72,327     (63,174

Principal repayments on investments

     36,103       57,372  

Net proceeds from sale of investments

     2,933       3,012  

Increase in investments due to paid-in-kind interest

     (711     (1,097

Net change in premiums, discounts and amortization

     (251     (168

Net realized loss (gain) on investments

     7,515       24,561  

Net realized loss (gain) on other

     1,407       —    

Net unrealized depreciation (appreciation) of investments

     31,297       (18,180

Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) of other

     (167     —    

Changes in assets and liabilities:

    

Amortization of deferred financing fees

     724       641  

Decrease (increase) in interest receivable, net

     (819     (5

Decrease (increase) in funds due from administrative agent

     1,878       392  

Decrease (increase) in other assets, net

     (76     (252

Increase (decrease) in accounts payable and accrued expenses

     (165     189  

Increase (decrease) in interest payable

     360       494  

Increase (decrease) in fees due to Adviser(A)

     (1,473     413  

Increase (decrease) in fee due to Administrator(A)

     185       9  

Increase (decrease) in other liabilities

     46       48  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

     (20,618     9,877  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES

    

Proceeds from line of credit

     117,200       65,000  

Repayments on line of credit

     (92,000     (122,700

Redemption of preferred stock

     (51,750     —    

Proceeds from issuance of long term debt

     38,813       57,500  

Deferred financing fees

     (1,461     (2,204

Proceeds from issuance of common stock

     8,797       4,286  

Discounts, commissions and offering costs for issuance of common stock

     (132     (64

Distributions paid to common stockholders

     (12,964     (12,003
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     6,503       (10,185
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, RESTRICTED CASH, AND RESTRICTED CASH EQUIVALENTS

     (14,115     (308

CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, RESTRICTED CASH, AND RESTRICTED CASH EQUIVALENTS, BEGINNING OF PERIOD

     15,748       2,004  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, RESTRICTED CASH, AND RESTRICTED CASH EQUIVALENTS, END OF PERIOD

   $ 1,633     $ 1,696  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

CASH PAID FOR INTEREST

   $ 4,759     $ 3,489  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(A)

Refer to Note 4—Related Party Transactions in the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

5


Table of Contents

GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS

MARCH 31, 2020

(UNAUDITED)

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS)

 

Company and Investment(A)(B)(W)(Y)

  Principal/
Shares/
Units(J)(X)
    Cost     Fair Value  

NON-CONTROL/NON-AFFILIATE INVESTMENTS(M) – 156.3%

     

Secured First Lien Debt – 79.7%

     

Aerospace and Defense – 5.6%

     

Antenna Research Associates, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 10.0%, 12.0% Cash, 4.0% PIK, Due 11/2023)(E)

  $ 12,216     $ 12,216     $ 12,216  

Beverage, Food, and Tobacco – 11.3%

     

Café Zupas – Line of Credit, $4,000 available (L + 7.4%, 8.9% Cash, Due 12/2024)(C)

    —         —         —    

Café Zupas – Delayed Draw Term Loan, $3,030 available (L + 7.4%, 8.9% Cash, Due 12/2024)(C)

    1,970       1,970       1,872  

Café Zupas – Term Debt (L + 7.4%, 8.9% Cash, Due 12/2024)(C)

    24,000       24,000       22,800  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      25,970       24,672  

Buildings and Real Estate – 0.9%

     

GFRC 360, LLC – Line of Credit, $150 available (L + 8.0%, 9.0% Cash, Due 9/2020)(C)

    1,050       1,050       998  

GFRC 360, LLC – Term Debt (L + 8.0%, 9.0% Cash, Due 9/2020)(C)

    1,000       1,000       950  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      2,050       1,948  

Diversified/Conglomerate Service – 35.3%

     

DKI Ventures, LLC – Line of Credit, $2,500 available (L + 8.3%, 9.3% Cash, 2.0% PIK, Due 12/2021)(C)

    —         —         —    

DKI Ventures, LLC – Term Debt (L + 8.3%, 9.3% Cash, 2.0% PIK, Due 12/2023)(C)

    5,911       5,911       4,847  

ENET Holdings, LLC – Line of Credit, $1,000 available (L + 8.8%, 10.2% Cash, Due 4/2022)(C)

    —         —         —    

ENET Holdings, LLC – Term Debt (L + 8.8%, 10.2% Cash, Due 4/2025)(C)

    29,000       29,000       25,375  

R2i Holdings, LLC – Line of Credit, $2,000 available (8.0% Cash, Due 12/2021)(C)(F)

    —         —         —    

R2i Holdings, LLC – Term Debt (8.0% Cash, Due 12/2023)(C)(F)

    19,625       19,625       17,564  

Travel Sentry, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 8.0%, 9.5% Cash, Due 12/2021)(C)(U)

    6,098       6,098       5,564  

Universal Survey Center, Inc. – Line of Credit, $500 available (L + 7.3%, 9.3% Cash, Due 9/2022)(C)

    500       500       489  

Universal Survey Center, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 7.3%, 9.3% Cash, Due 9/2024)(C)

    13,500       13,500       13,196  

Vision Government Solutions, Inc. – Line of Credit, $2,500 available (L + 8.8%, 9.8% Cash, Due 12/2022)(C)

    —         —         —    

Vision Government Solutions, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 8.8%, 9.8% Cash, Due 12/2022)(C)

    10,350       10,314       9,884  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      84,948       76,919  

Healthcare, Education, and Childcare – 11.6%

     

EL Academies, Inc. – Line of Credit, $2,000 available (L + 8.0%, 9.0% Cash, Due 8/2020)(C)

    —         —         —    

EL Academies, Inc. – Delayed Draw Term Loan, $0 available (L + 8.0%, 9.0% Cash, Due 8/2022)(C)

    16,000       15,983       14,400  

EL Academies, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 8.0%, 9.0% Cash, Due 8/2022)(C)

    12,000       11,979       10,800  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      27,962       25,200  

Machinery – 2.7%

     

Arc Drilling Holdings LLC – Line of Credit, $875 available (L + 8.0%, 9.3% Cash, Due 11/2020)(C)

    125       125       122  

Arc Drilling Holdings LLC – Term Debt (L + 9.5%, 10.8% Cash, 3.0% PIK, Due 11/2022)(C)

    5,855       5,855       5,391  

Precision International, LLC – Line of Credit, $500 available (L + 7.5%, 8.5% Cash, Due 9/2021)(C)

    —         —         —    

Precision International, LLC – Term Debt (10.0% Cash, Due 9/2021)(C)(F)

    286       286       280  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      6,266       5,793  

Printing and Publishing – 0.0%

     

Chinese Yellow Pages Company – Line of Credit, $0 available (PRIME + 4.0%, 7.3% Cash, Due 2/2015)(E)(V)

    107       107       —    

Telecommunications – 12.3%

     

B+T Group Acquisition, Inc.(S) – Line of Credit, $0 available (L + 11.0%, 13.0% Cash, Due 12/2021)(C)(H)

    1,200       1,200       1,128  

B+T Group Acquisition, Inc.(S) – Term Debt (L + 11.0%, 13.0% Cash, Due 12/2021)(C)(H)

    6,000       6,000       5,640  

NetFortris Corp. – Term Debt (L + 9.0%, 10.0% Cash, Due 2/2021)(C)

    23,302       23,280       20,273  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      30,480       27,041  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Secured First Lien Debt

    $ 189,999     $ 173,789  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

6


Table of Contents

GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS

MARCH 31, 2020

(UNAUDITED)

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS)

 

Company and Investment(A)(B)(W)(Y)

  Principal/
Shares/
Units(J)(X)
    Cost     Fair Value  

Secured Second Lien Debt – 63.5%

     

Automobile – 4.3%

     

Sea Link International IRB, Inc. – Term Debt (11.3% Cash, Due 3/2023)(C)(F)

  $ 10,000     $ 10,000     $ 9,300  

Beverage, Food, and Tobacco – 1.4%

     

8th Avenue Food & Provisions, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 7.8%, 8.7% Cash, Due 10/2026)(D)

    3,683       3,706       3,010  

Cargo Transportation – 13.7%

     

AG Transportation Holdings, LLC – Term Debt (L + 10.0%, 13.3% Cash, Due 12/2020)(C)

    13,000       13,000       12,155  

American Trailer Rental Group LLC – Term Debt (L + 8.9%, 10.4% Cash, Due 8/2025)(C)

    18,000       18,000       17,612  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      31,000       29,767  

Chemicals, Plastics, and Rubber – 4.8%

     

Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils, LLC – Term Debt (L + 9.5%, 10.5% Cash, 2.0% PIK, Due 5/2024)(C)

    10,033       10,033       9,444  

Vertellus Holdings LLC – Term Debt (L + 12.0%, 13.0% Cash, Due 10/2021)(C)

    1,099       1,099       1,005  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      11,132       10,449  

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing – 1.7%

     

Tailwind Smith Cooper Intermediate Corporation – Term Debt (L + 9.0%, 10.0% Cash, Due 5/2027)(D)

    5,000       4,766       3,800  

Diversified/Conglomerate Service – 16.1%

     

CHA Holdings, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 8.8%, 10.2% Cash, Due 4/2026)(D)(U)

    3,000       2,950       2,640  

DiscoverOrg, LLC – Term Debt (L + 8.5%, 9.5% Cash, Due 2/2027)(D)

    3,303       3,276       2,940  

Drive Chassis Holdco, LLC – Term Debt (L + 8.3%, 9.2% Cash, Due 4/2026)(D)

    5,000       4,772       3,500  

Gray Matter Systems, LLC – Term Debt (12.0% Cash, Due 11/2023)(C)(F)

    11,100       11,100       10,517  

Keystone Acquisition Corp. – Term Debt (L + 9.3%, 10.7% Cash, Due 5/2025)(D)(U)

    4,000       3,941       3,000  

Prophet Brand Strategy – Delayed Draw Term Loan, $5,000 available (L + 9.0%, 11.0% Cash, Due 2/2025)(C)

    —         —         —    

Prophet Brand Strategy – Term Debt (L + 9.0%, 11.0% Cash, Due 2/2025)(C)

    13,000       13,000       12,675  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      39,039       35,272  

Healthcare, Education, and Childcare – 2.2%

     

Medical Solutions Holdings, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 8.4%, 9.4% Cash, Due 6/2025)(D)

    3,000       2,966       2,400  

Medical Solutions Holdings, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 8.8%, 9.7% Cash, Due 6/2025)(D)

    3,000       2,943       2,460  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      5,909       4,860  

Home and Office Furnishings, Housewares and Durable Consumer Products – 4.4%

     

Belnick, Inc. – Term Debt (11.0% Cash, Due 8/2023)(C)(F)

    10,000       10,000       9,550  

Hotels, Motels, Inns, and Gaming – 2.8%

     

Vacation Rental Pros Property Management, LLC – Term Debt (L + 10.0%, 11.0% Cash, 3.0% PIK, Due 6/2023)(C)

    7,709       7,709       6,167  

Machinery – 0.4%

     

CPM Holdings, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 8.3%, 9.2% Cash, Due 11/2026)(D)

    1,000       1,000       820  

Oil and Gas – 11.7%

     

Imperative Holdings Corporation – Term Debt (L + 10.3%, 12.3% Cash, Due 9/2022)(C)

    28,750       28,750       25,444  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Secured Second Lien Debt

    $ 153,011     $ 138,439  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

7


Table of Contents

GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS

MARCH 31, 2020

(UNAUDITED)

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS)

 

Company and Investment(A)(B)(W)(Y)

  Principal/
Shares/
Units(J)(X)
    Cost     Fair Value  

Unsecured Debt – 1.8%

     

Healthcare, education, and childcare – 1.8%

     

Edmentum Ultimate Holdings, LLC – Term Debt (10.0% PIK, Due 6/2020)(C)(F)

  $ 4,200     $ 4,200     $ 3,969  

Preferred Equity – 2.3%

     

Beverage, Food, and Tobacco – 0.0%

     

Triple H Food Processors, LLC – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

    75       75       —    

Buildings and Real Estate – 0.6%

     

GFRC 360, LLC – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

    1,000       1,025       1,280  

Diversified/Conglomerate Service – 0.0%

     

Frontier Financial Group Inc. – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

    766       500       —    

Frontier Financial Group Inc. – Preferred Stock Warrant(E)(G)

    169       —         —    
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      500       —    

Oil and Gas – 0.8%

     

FES Resources Holdings LLC – Preferred Equity Units(E)(G)

    6,350       6,350       —    

Imperative Holdings Corporation – Preferred Equity Units(E)(G)

    13,740       632       1,796  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      6,982       1,796  

Telecommunications – 0.9%

     

B+T Group Acquisition, Inc.(S) – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

    6,130       2,024       —    

NetFortris Corp. – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

    7,890,860       789       1,846  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      2,813       1,846  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Preferred Equity

    $   11,395     $     4,922  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Common Equity – 9.0%

     

Aerospace and Defense – 1.4%

     

Antenna Research Associates, Inc. – Common Equity Units(E)(G)

    4,283     $ 4,283     $ 3,091  

Automobile– 0.2%

     

Sea Link International IRB, Inc.– Common Equity Units(E)(G)

    823,333       824       423  

Beverage, Food, and Tobacco – 0.0%

     

Triple H Food Processors, LLC – Common Stock(E)(G)

    250,000       250       —    

Buildings and Real Estate – 0.0%

     

GFRC 360, LLC – Common Stock Warrants(E)(G)

    45.0     —         —    

Cargo Transportation – 1.9%

     

AG Transportation Holdings, LLC – Member Profit Participation(E)(G)

    27.0     1,350       2,571  

AG Transportation Holdings, LLC – Profit Participation Warrants(E)(G)

    5.0     244       587  

American Trailer Rental Group LLC – Common Stock(E)(G)

    6,667       1,000       1,000  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      2,594       4,158  

Chemicals, Plastics, and Rubber – 0.2%

     

Vertellus Holdings LLC – Common Stock Units(E)(G)

    879,121       3,018       344  

Healthcare, Education, and Childcare – 2.3%

     

Edmentum Ultimate Holdings, LLC – Common Stock(E)(G)

    21,429       2,636       —    

GSM MidCo LLC – Common Stock(E)(G)

    767       767       623  

Leeds Novamark Capital I, L.P. – Limited Partnership Interest ($843 uncalled capital commitment)(G)(L)(R)

    3.5     2,152       4,345  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      5,555       4,968  

Machinery – 0.5%

     

Arc Drilling Holdings LLC – Common Stock(E)(G)

    15,000       1,500       579  

Precision International, LLC – Membership Unit Warrant(E)(G)

    33.3     —         538  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      1,500       1,117  

Oil and Gas – 0.1%

     

FES Resources Holdings LLC – Common Equity Units(E)(G)

    6,233       —         —    

Total Safety Holdings, LLC – Common Equity(E)(G)

    435       499       136  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      499       136  

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

8


Table of Contents

GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS

MARCH 31, 2020

(UNAUDITED)

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS)

 

Company and Investment(A)(B)(W)(Y)

  Principal/
Shares/
Units(J)(X)
    Cost     Fair Value  

Personal and Non-Durable Consumer Products (Manufacturing Only) – 0.0%

     

Funko Acquisition Holdings, LLC(S) – Common Units(G)(T)

    12,180       59       33  

Telecommunications – 0.0%

     

B+T Group Acquisition, Inc.(S) – Common Stock Warrant(E)(G)

    1.5     —         —    

NetFortris Corp. – Common Stock Warrant(E)(G)

    1       1       —    
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      1       —    

Textiles and Leather – 2.4%

     

Targus Cayman HoldCo, Ltd. – Common Stock(E)(G)

    3,076,414       2,062       5,219  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Common Equity

    $ 20,645     $ 19,489  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Non-Control/Non-Affiliate Investments

    $   379,250     $   340,608  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

AFFILIATE INVESTMENTS(N) – 18.3%

     

Secured First Lien Debt – 3.7%

     

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing – 3.7%

     

Edge Adhesives Holdings, Inc. (S) – Line of Credit, $920 available (L + 8.0%, 10.0% Cash, Due 5/2020)(C)

  $ 280     $ 280     $ 263  

Edge Adhesives Holdings, Inc. (S) – Term Debt (L + 10.5%, 12.5% Cash, Due 2/2022)(C)

    6,200       6,200       5,828  

Edge Adhesives Holdings, Inc. (S) – Term Debt (L + 11.8%, 13.8% Cash, Due 2/2022)(C)

    2,000       2,000       1,880  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      8,480       7,971  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Secured First Lien Debt

    $ 8,480     $ 7,971  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Secured Second Lien Debt – 13.0%

     

Diversified Natural Resources, Precious Metals and Minerals – 11.3%

     

Lignetics, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 9.0%, 12.0% Cash, Due 5/2025)(C)

  $ 6,000     $ 6,000     $ 5,633  

Lignetics, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 9.0%, 12.0% Cash, Due 5/2025)(C)

    8,000       8,000       7,510  

Lignetics, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 9.0%, 12.0% Cash, Due 5/2025)(C)

    3,300       3,300       3,098  

Lignetics, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 9.0%, 12.0% Cash, Due 5/2025)(C)

    4,000       4,000       3,755  

Lignetics, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 9.0%, 12.0% Cash, Due 5/2025)(C)

    5,000       5,000       4,694  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      26,300       24,690  

Personal and Non-Durable Consumer Products (Manufacturing Only) – 1.7%

     

Canopy Safety Brands, LLC – Term Debt (L + 10.5%, 11.5% Cash, Due 7/2022) (C)

    3,750       3,750       3,628  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Secured Second Lien Debt

    $ 30,050     $ 28,318  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Preferred Equity – 1.0%

     

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing – 0.0%

     

Edge Adhesives Holdings, Inc. (S) – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

    5,466     $ 5,466     $ —    

Diversified Natural Resources, Precious Metals and Minerals – 0.7%

     

Lignetics, Inc. – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

    68,880       1,321       1,507  

Personal and Non-Durable Consumer Products (Manufacturing Only) – 0.3%

     

Canopy Safety Brands, LLC – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

    500,000       500       659  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Preferred Equity

    $ 7,287     $ 2,166  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Common Equity – 0.6%

     

Diversified Natural Resources, Precious Metals and Minerals – 0.6%

     

Lignetics, Inc. – Common Stock(E)(G)

    152,603     $ 1,855     $ 1,289  

Personal and Non-Durable Consumer Products (Manufacturing Only) – 0.0%

     

Canopy Safety Brands, LLC – Common Stock(E)(G)

    500,000       —         23  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Common Equity

    $ 1,855     $ 1,312  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Affiliate Investments

    $ 47,672     $ 39,767  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

9


Table of Contents

GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS

MARCH 31, 2020

(UNAUDITED)

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS)

 

Company and Investment(A)(B)(W)(Y)

  Principal/
Shares/
Units(J)(X)
    Cost     Fair Value  

CONTROL INVESTMENTS(O) – 8.2%

     

Secured First Lien Debt – 2.7%

     

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing – 2.0%

     

LWO Acquisitions Company LLC – Term Debt (L + 7.5%, 10.0% Cash, Due 6/2021)(E)

  $ 6,000     $ 6,000     $ 4,337  

LWO Acquisitions Company LLC – Term Debt (Due 6/2021)(E)(P)

    10,632       10,632       —    
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      16,632       4,337  

Printing and Publishing – 0.7%

     

TNCP Intermediate HoldCo, LLC – Line of Credit, $500 available (8.0% Cash, Due 9/2021)(E)(F)

    1,500       1,474       1,500  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Secured First Lien Debt

    $ 18,106     $ 5,837  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Secured Second Lien Debt – 3.7%

     

Automobile– 3.7%

     

Defiance Integrated Technologies, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 9.5%, 11.0% Cash, Due 5/2026)(E)

  $ 8,065     $ 8,065     $ 8,065  

Unsecured Debt – 0.0%

     

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing – 0.0%

     

LWO Acquisitions Company LLC – Term Debt (Due 6/2020)(E)(P)

  $ 95     $ 95     $ —    

Common Equity – 1.8%

     

Automobile– 0.6%

     

Defiance Integrated Technologies, Inc. – Common Stock(E)(G)

    33,321     $ 580     $ 1,378  

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing – 0.0%

     

LWO Acquisitions Company LLC – Common Units(E)(G)

    921,000       921       —    

Machinery – 1.1%

     

PIC 360, LLC – Common Equity Units(E)(G)

    750       1       2,433  

Printing and Publishing – 0.1%

     

TNCP Intermediate HoldCo, LLC – Common Equity Units(E)(G)

    790,000       500       228  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Common Equity

    $ 2,002     $ 4,039  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Control Investments

    $ 28,268     $ 17,941  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL INVESTMENTS – 182.8%

    $   455,190     $   398,316  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(A) 

Certain of the securities listed in this schedule are issued by affiliate(s) of the indicated portfolio company. The majority of the securities listed, totaling $363.7 million at fair value, are pledged as collateral to our revolving line of credit, as described further in Note 5—Borrowings in the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. Under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, (the “1940 Act”), we may not acquire any non-qualifying assets unless, at the time such acquisition is made, qualifying assets represent at least 70% of our total assets. As of March 31, 2020, our investments in Leeds Novamark Capital I, L.P. (“Leeds”) and Funko Acquisition Holdings, LLC (“Funko”) are considered non-qualifying assets under Section 55 of the 1940 Act. Such non-qualifying assets represent 1.1% of total investments, at fair value, as of March 31, 2020.

(B) 

Unless indicated otherwise, all cash interest rates are indexed to 30-day London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR” or “L”), which was 0.99% as of March 31, 2020. If applicable, paid-in-kind (“PIK”) interest rates are noted separately from the cash interest rate. Certain securities are subject to an interest rate floor. The cash interest rate is the greater of the floor or LIBOR plus a spread. Due dates represent the contractual maturity date.

(C) 

Fair value was based on an internal yield analysis or on estimates of value submitted by ICE Data Pricing and Reference Data, LLC (“ICE”).

(D) 

Fair value was based on the indicative bid price on or near March 31, 2020, offered by the respective syndication agent’s trading desk.

(E) 

Fair value was based on the total enterprise value of the portfolio company, which was then allocated to the portfolio company’s securities in order of their relative priority in the capital structure.

(F)

Debt security has a fixed interest rate.

(G) 

Security is non-income producing.

(H)

Debt security is on non-accrual status.

(I)

Reserved.

(J)

Where applicable, aggregates all shares of a class of stock owned without regard to specific series owned within such class (some series of which may or may not be voting shares) or aggregates all warrants to purchase shares of a class of stock owned without regard to specific series of such class of stock such warrants allow us to purchase.

(K)

Reserved.

(L)

There are certain limitations on our ability to withdraw our partnership interest prior to dissolution of the entity, which must occur no later than May 9, 2024 or two years after all outstanding leverage has matured.

(M)

Non-Control/Non-Affiliate investments, as defined by the 1940 Act, are those that are neither Control nor Affiliate investments and in which we own less than 5.0% of the issued and outstanding voting securities.

(N)

Affiliate investments, as defined by the 1940 Act, are those in which we own, with the power to vote, between and inclusive of 5.0% and 25.0% of the issued and outstanding voting securities.

(O)

Control investments, as defined by the 1940 Act, are those where we have the power to exercise a controlling influence over the management or policies of the portfolio company, which may include owning, with the power to vote, more than 25.0% of the issued and outstanding voting securities.

(P)

Debt security does not have a stated interest rate that is payable thereon.

(Q)

Reserved.

 

10


Table of Contents
(R)

Fair value was based on net asset value provided by the fund as a practical expedient.

(S)

One of our affiliated funds, Gladstone Investment Corporation, co-invested with us in this portfolio company pursuant to an exemptive order granted by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

(T)

Our investment in Funko was valued using Level 2 inputs within the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standard Codification (“ASC”) Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures” (“ASC 820”) fair value hierarchy. Our common units in Funko are convertible to class A common stock in Funko, Inc. upon meeting certain requirements. Fair value was based on the closing market price of shares of Funko, Inc. as of the reporting date, less a discount for lack of marketability. Funko, Inc. is traded on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the trading symbol “FNKO.” Refer to Note 3—Investments in the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

(U)

The cash interest rate on this investment was indexed to 90-day LIBOR, which was 1.45% as of March 31, 2020.

(V)

The cash interest rate on this investment was indexed to the U.S. Prime Rate (“PRIME”), which was 3.25% as of March 31, 2020.

(W)

Unless indicated otherwise, all of our investments are valued using Level 3 inputs within the ASC 820 fair value hierarchy. Refer to Note 3—Investments in the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

(X)

Represents the principal balance for debt investments and the number of shares/units held for equity investments. Warrants are represented as a percentage of ownership, as applicable.

(Y)

Category percentages represent the fair value of each category and subcategory as a percentage of net assets as of March 31, 2020.

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

11


Table of Contents

GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2019

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS)

 

Company and Investment(A)(B)(W)(Y)

  Principal/
Shares/
Units(J)(X)
    Cost     Fair Value  

NON-CONTROL/NON-AFFILIATE INVESTMENTS(M) – 138.7%

     

Secured First Lien Debt – 65.6%

     

Aerospace and Defense – 4.8%

     

Antenna Research Associates, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 10.0%, 12.0% Cash, 4.0% PIK, Due 11/2023)(C)

  $ 12,124     $ 12,124     $ 12,033  

Automobile – 0.0%

     

Meridian Rack & Pinion, Inc. (S) – Term Debt (L + 11.5%, 13.5% Cash, Due 12/2019)(E)(H)

    4,140       4,140       112  

Buildings and Real Estate – 0.9%

     

GFRC 360, LLC – Line of Credit, $50 available (L + 8.0%, 10.0% Cash, Due 9/2020)(C)

    1,150       1,150       1,143  

GFRC 360, LLC – Term Debt (L + 8.0%, 10.0% Cash, Due 9/2020)(C)

    1,000       1,000       994  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      2,150       2,137  

Diversified/Conglomerate Service – 28.4%

     

DKI Ventures, LLC – Line of Credit, $2,500 available (L + 8.3%, 10.3% Cash, Due 12/2021)(C)

    —         —         —    

DKI Ventures, LLC – Delayed Draw Term Loan, $5,000 available (L + 8.3%, 10.3% Cash, Due 12/2023)(C)

    —         —         —    

DKI Ventures, LLC – Term Debt (L + 8.3%, 10.3% Cash, Due 12/2023)(C)

    6,054       6,054       5,827  

ENET Holdings, LLC – Line of Credit, $1,000 available (L + 7.3%, 9.3% Cash, Due 4/2022)(C)

    —         —         —    

ENET Holdings, LLC – Term Debt (L + 7.3%, 9.3% Cash, Due 4/2025)(C)

    29,000       29,000       28,420  

R2i Holdings, LLC – Line of Credit, $2,000 available (L + 8.0%, 10.0% Cash, Due 12/2021)(C)

    —         —         —    

R2i Holdings, LLC – Term Debt (L + 8.0%, 10.0% Cash, Due 12/2023)(C)

    19,625       19,625       18,987  

Travel Sentry, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 8.0%, 10.1% Cash, Due 12/2021)(C)(U)

    6,939       6,939       6,930  

Vision Government Solutions, Inc. – Line of Credit, $2,500 available (L + 8.8%, 10.8% Cash, Due 12/2022)(C)

    —         —         —    

Vision Government Solutions, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 8.8%, 10.8% Cash, Due 12/2022)(C)

    10,600       10,558       10,547  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      72,176       70,711  

Healthcare, Education, and Childcare – 11.2%

     

EL Academies, Inc. – Line of Credit, $2,000 available (L + 8.8%, 10.8% Cash, Due 8/2020)(C)

    —         —         —    

EL Academies, Inc. – Delayed Draw Term Loan, $0 available (L + 8.8%, 10.8% Cash, Due 8/2022)(C)

    16,000       15,980       15,940  

EL Academies, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 8.8%, 10.8% Cash, Due 8/2022)(C)

    12,000       11,975       11,955  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      27,955       27,895  

Machinery – 2.5%

     

Arc Drilling Holdings LLC – Line of Credit, $875 available (L + 8.0%, 10.0% Cash, Due 11/2020)(C)

    125       125       125  

Arc Drilling Holdings LLC – Term Debt (L + 9.5%, 11.5% Cash, 3.0% PIK, Due 11/2022)(C)

    5,916       5,916       5,663  

Precision International, LLC – Line of Credit, $500 available (L + 7.5%, 9.5% Cash, Due 9/2021)(C)

    —         —         —    

Precision International, LLC – Term Debt (10.0% Cash, Due 9/2021)(C)(F)

    436       436       437  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      6,477       6,225  

Printing and Publishing – 0.0%

     

Chinese Yellow Pages Company – Line of Credit, $0 available (PRIME + 4.0%, 9.0% Cash, Due 2/2015)(E)(V)

    107       107       —    

Telecommunications – 17.8%

     

B+T Group Acquisition, Inc.(S) – Line of Credit, $435 available (L + 11.0%, 13.0% Cash, Due 12/2021)(C)

    765       765       759  

B+T Group Acquisition, Inc.(S) – Term Debt (L + 11.0%, 13.0% Cash, Due 12/2021)(C)

    6,000       6,000       5,955  

NetFortris Corp. – Term Debt (L + 9.0%, 11.0% Cash, Due 2/2021)(C)

    23,302       23,269       22,137  

XMedius America, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 9.3%, 11.3% Cash, Due 10/2022)(Q)

    8,690       8,690       8,777  

XMedius Solutions Inc. – Term Debt (L + 9.3%, 11.3% Cash, Due 10/2022)(Q)

    6,683       6,683       6,749  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      45,407       44,377  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Secured First Lien Debt

    $   170,536     $   163,490  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

12


Table of Contents

GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2019

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS)

 

Company and Investment(A)(B)(W)(Y)

  Principal/
Shares/
Units(J)(X)
    Cost     Fair Value  

Secured Second Lien Debt – 59.6%

     

Automobile – 4.0%

     

Sea Link International IRB, Inc. – Term Debt (11.3% Cash, Due 3/2023)(C)(F)

  $ 10,000     $ 9,986     $ 9,913  

Beverage, Food, and Tobacco – 4.2%

     

8th Avenue Food & Provisions, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 7.8%, 9.8% Cash, Due 10/2026)(D)

    3,683       3,707       3,628  

The Mochi Ice Cream Company – Term Debt (L + 10.5%, 12.5% Cash, Due 12/2023)(C)

    6,750       6,729       6,843  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      10,436       10,471  

Cargo Transportation – 5.2%

     

AG Transportation Holdings, LLC – Term Debt (L + 10.0%, 13.3% Cash, Due 12/2020)(C)

    13,000       13,000       12,967  

Chemicals, Plastics, and Rubber – 4.4%

     

Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils, LLC – Term Debt (L + 9.5%, 11.5% Cash, Due 5/2024)(C)

    10,000       10,000       9,838  

Vertellus Holdings LLC – Term Debt (L + 12.0%, 14.0% Cash, Due 10/2021)(C)

    1,099       1,099       1,085  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      11,099       10,923  

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing – 1.9%

     

Tailwind Smith Cooper Intermediate Corporation – Term Debt (L + 9.0%, 11.0% Cash, Due 5/2027)(D)

    5,000       4,756       4,700  

Diversified/Conglomerate Service – 18.5%

     

CHA Holdings, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 8.8%, 10.8% Cash, Due 4/2026)(D)(U)

    3,000       2,947       3,030  

DigiCert Holdings, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 8.0%, 10.0% Cash, Due 10/2025)(D)(AA)

    2,400       2,379       2,388  

DiscoverOrg, LLC – Term Debt (L + 8.5%, 10.5% Cash, Due 2/2027)(D)

    3,303       3,275       3,287  

Drive Chassis Holdco, LLC – Term Debt (L + 8.3%, 10.3% Cash, Due 4/2026)(D)

    5,000       4,760       4,700  

Gray Matter Systems, LLC – Term Debt (12.0% Cash, Due 11/2023)(C)(F)

    11,100       11,100       10,989  

Keystone Acquisition Corp. – Term Debt (L + 9.3%, 11.3% Cash, Due 5/2025)(D)(U)

    4,000       3,936       3,880  

LDiscovery, LLC – Term Debt (L + 10.0%, 12.0% Cash, Due 12/2023)(D)

    5,000       4,858       4,938  

Prophet Brand Strategy – Delayed Draw Term Loan, $5,000 available (L + 9.5%, 11.5% Cash, Due 2/2025)(C)

    —         —         —    

Prophet Brand Strategy – Term Debt (L + 9.5%, 11.5% Cash, Due 2/2025)(C)

    13,000       13,000       13,000  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      46,255       46,212  

Healthcare, Education, and Childcare – 1.1%

     

Medical Solutions Holdings, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 8.3%, 10.3% Cash, Due 6/2025)(D)

    3,000       2,964       2,850  

New Trident Holdcorp, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 10.0%, 12.1% Cash, Due 7/2020)(E)(H)(K)(U)

    4,409       4,409       —    
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      7,373       2,850  

Home and Office Furnishings, Housewares and Durable Consumer Products – 3.9%

     

Belnick, Inc. – Term Debt (11.0% Cash, Due 8/2023)(C)(F)

    10,000       10,000       9,800  

Hotels, Motels, Inns, and Gaming – 2.9%

     

Vacation Rental Pros Property Management, LLC – Term Debt (L + 10.0%, 12.0% Cash, 3.0% PIK, Due 6/2023)(C)

    7,593       7,593       7,209  

Machinery – 0.4%

     

CPM Holdings, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 8.3%, 10.3% Cash, Due 11/2026)(D)

    1,000       1,000       990  

Oil and Gas – 11.9%

     

Imperative Holdings Corporation – Term Debt (L + 10.3%, 12.3% Cash, Due 9/2022)(C)

    30,000       30,000       29,625  

Retail Stores – 1.2%

     

United PF Holdings, LLC – Term Debt (L + 8.5%, 10.5% Cash, Due 6/2027)(D)

    3,000       2,956       2,970  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Secured Second Lien Debt

    $   154,454     $   148,630  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

13


Table of Contents

GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2019

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS)

 

Company and Investment(A)(B)(W)(Y)

  Principal/
Shares/
Units(J)(X)
    Cost     Fair Value  

Unsecured Debt – 1.6%

     

Healthcare, education, and childcare – 1.6%

     

Edmentum Ultimate Holdings, LLC – Term Debt (10.0% PIK, Due 6/2020)(C)(F)

  $ 3,993     $ 3,993     $ 3,933  

Preferred Equity – 3.3%

     

Automobile – 0.0%

     

Meridian Rack & Pinion, Inc.(S) – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

    1,449     $ 1,449     $ —    

Buildings and Real Estate – 0.5%

     

GFRC 360, LLC – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

    1,000       1,025       1,273  

Diversified/Conglomerate Service – 0.0%

     

Frontier Financial Group Inc. – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

    766       500       —    

Frontier Financial Group Inc. – Preferred Stock Warrant(E)(G)

    169       —         —    
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      500       —    

Oil and Gas – 2.1%

     

FES Resources Holdings LLC – Preferred Equity Units(E)(G)

    6,350       6,350       3,236  

Imperative Holdings Corporation – Preferred Equity Units(E)(G)

    13,740       632       2,030  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      6,982       5,266  

Telecommunications – 0.7%

     

B+T Group Acquisition, Inc.(S) – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

    5,503       1,799       —    

NetFortris Corp. – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

    7,890,860       789       1,734  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      2,588       1,734  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Preferred Equity

    $   12,544     $   8,273  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Common Equity – 8.6%

     

Aerospace and Defense – 1.3%

     

Antenna Research Associates, Inc. – Common Equity Units(E)(G)

    4,283     $ 4,283     $ 3,131  

Automobile– 0.5%

     

Sea Link International IRB, Inc.– Common Equity Units(E)(G)

    823,333       824       1,152  

Beverage, Food, and Tobacco – 0.8%

     

The Mochi Ice Cream Company – Common Stock(E)(G)

    450       450       1,365  

Triple H Food Processors, LLC – Common Stock(E)(G)

    250,000       250       650  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      700       2,015  

Buildings and Real Estate – 0.0%

     

GFRC 360, LLC – Common Stock Warrants(E)(G)

    45.0     —         —    

Cargo Transportation – 0.9%

     

AG Transportation Holdings, LLC – Member Profit Participation(E)(G)

    18.0     1,000       1,511  

AG Transportation Holdings, LLC – Profit Participation Warrants(E)(G)

    12.0     244       747  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      1,244       2,258  

Chemicals, Plastics, and Rubber – 0.2%

     

Vertellus Holdings LLC – Common Stock Units(E)(G)

    879,121       3,018       525  

Healthcare, Education, and Childcare – 1.8%

     

Edmentum Ultimate Holdings, LLC – Common Stock(E)(G)

    21,429       2,636       —    

GSM MidCo LLC – Common Stock(E)(G)

    767       767       777  

Leeds Novamark Capital I, L.P. – Limited Partnership Interest ($843 uncalled capital commitment)(G)(L)(R)

    3.5     2,152       4,060  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      5,555       4,837  

Machinery – 0.5%

     

Arc Drilling Holdings LLC – Common Stock(E)(G)

    15,000       1,500       415  

Precision International, LLC – Membership Unit Warrant(E)(G)

    33.3     —         783  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      1,500       1,198  

Oil and Gas – 0.1%

     

FES Resources Holdings LLC – Common Equity Units(E)(G)

    6,233       —         —    

Total Safety Holdings, LLC – Common Equity(E)(G)

    435       499       160  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      499       160  

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

14


Table of Contents

GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2019

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS)

 

Company and Investment(A)(B)(W)(Y)

  Principal/
Shares/
Units(J)(X)
    Cost     Fair Value  

Personal and Non-Durable Consumer Products (Manufacturing Only) – 0.1%

     

Funko Acquisition Holdings, LLC(S) – Common Units(G)(T)

    12,180       59       170  

Telecommunications – 0.0%

     

B+T Group Acquisition, Inc.(S) – Common Stock Warrant(E)(G)

    1.5     —         —    

NetFortris Corp.– Common Stock Warrant(E)(G)

    1       1       —    
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      1       —    

Textiles and Leather – 2.4%

     

Targus Cayman HoldCo, Ltd. – Common Stock(E)(G)

    3,076,414       2,062       6,104  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Common Equity

    $ 19,745     $ 21,550  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Non-Control/Non-Affiliate Investments

    $   361,272     $   345,876  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

AFFILIATE INVESTMENTS(N) – 14.2%

     

Secured First Lien Debt – 3.2%

     

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing – 3.2%

     

Edge Adhesives Holdings, Inc. (S) – Term Debt (L + 10.5%, 12.5% Cash, Due 2/2022)(C)

  $ 6,200     $ 6,200     $ 6,045  

Edge Adhesives Holdings, Inc. (S) – Term Debt (L + 11.8%, 13.8% Cash, Due 2/2022)(C)

    2,000       2,000       1,960  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      8,200       8,005  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Secured First Lien Debt

    $ 8,200     $ 8,005  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Secured Second Lien Debt – 10.0%

     

Diversified Natural Resources, Precious Metals and Minerals – 8.5%

     

Lignetics, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 9.0%, 12.0% Cash, Due 11/2022)(C)

  $ 6,000     $ 6,000     $ 5,940  

Lignetics, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 9.0%, 12.0% Cash, Due 11/2022)(C)

    8,000       8,000       7,920  

Lignetics, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 9.0%, 12.0% Cash, Due 11/2022)(C)

    3,300       3,300       3,267  

Lignetics, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 9.0%, 12.0% Cash, Due 11/2022)(C)

    4,000       4,000       3,960  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      21,300       21,087  

Personal and Non-Durable Consumer Products (Manufacturing Only) – 1.5%

     

Canopy Safety Brands, LLC – Term Debt (L + 10.5%, 12.5% Cash, Due 7/2022) (C)

    3,750       3,750       3,759  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Secured Second Lien Debt

    $ 25,050     $ 24,846  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Preferred Equity – 0.6%

     

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing – 0.0%

     

Edge Adhesives Holdings, Inc. (S) – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

    2,516     $ 2,516     $ —    

Diversified Natural Resources, Precious Metals and Minerals – 0.3%

     

Lignetics, Inc. – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

    40,000       800       947  

Personal and Non-Durable Consumer Products (Manufacturing Only) – 0.3%

     

Canopy Safety Brands, LLC – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

    500,000       500       634  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Preferred Equity

    $ 3,816     $ 1,581  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Common Equity – 0.4%

     

Diversified Natural Resources, Precious Metals and Minerals – 0.3%

     

Lignetics, Inc. – Common Stock(E)(G)

    152,603     $ 1,855     $ 805  

Personal and Non-Durable Consumer Products (Manufacturing Only) – 0.1%

     

Canopy Safety Brands, LLC – Common Stock(E)(G)

    500,000       —         184  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Common Equity

    $ 1,855     $ 989  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Affiliate Investments

    $ 38,921     $ 35,421  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

15


Table of Contents

GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2019

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS)

 

Company and Investment(A)(B)(W)(Y)

  Principal/
Shares/
Units(J)(X)
    Cost     Fair Value  

CONTROL INVESTMENTS(O) – 8.7%

     

Secured First Lien Debt – 2.8%

     

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing – 2.2%

     

LWO Acquisitions Company LLC – Term Debt (L + 7.5%, 10.0% Cash, Due 6/2021)(E)

  $ 6,000     $ 6,000     $ 5,218  

LWO Acquisitions Company LLC – Term Debt (Due 6/2021)(E)(P)

    10,632       10,632       —    
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
      16,632       5,218  

Printing and Publishing – 0.6%

     

TNCP Intermediate HoldCo, LLC – Line of Credit, $500 available (8.0% Cash, Due 9/2021)(E)(F)

    1,500       1,465       1,500  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Secured First Lien Debt

    $ 18,097     $ 6,718  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Secured Second Lien Debt – 3.2%

     

Automobile – 3.2%

     

Defiance Integrated Technologies, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 9.5%, 11.5% Cash, Due 8/2023)(E)

  $ 8,065     $ 8,065     $ 8,065  

Unsecured Debt – 0.0%

     

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing – 0.0%

     

LWO Acquisitions Company LLC – Term Debt (Due 6/2020)(E)(P)

  $ 95     $ 95     $ —    

Common Equity – 2.7%

     

Automobile – 1.7%

     

Defiance Integrated Technologies, Inc. – Common Stock(E)(G)

    33,321     $ 580     $ 4,287  

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing – 0.0%

     

LWO Acquisitions Company LLC – Common Units(E)(G)

    921,000       921       —    

Machinery – 0.9%

     

PIC 360, LLC – Common Equity Units(E)(G)

    750       1       2,311  

Printing and Publishing – 0.1%

     

TNCP Intermediate HoldCo, LLC – Common Equity Units(E)(G)

    790,000       500       197  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Common Equity

    $ 2,002     $ 6,795  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Control Investments

    $ 28,259     $ 21,578  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL INVESTMENTS(Z) – 161.6%

    $   428,452     $   402,875  
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(A) 

Certain of the securities listed in this schedule are issued by affiliate(s) of the indicated portfolio company. The majority of the securities listed, totaling $369.0 million at fair value, are pledged as collateral to our revolving line of credit, as described further in Note 5—Borrowings in the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. Under the 1940 Act, we may not acquire any non-qualifying assets unless, at the time such acquisition is made, qualifying assets represent at least 70% of our total assets. As of September 30, 2019, our investments in Leeds, Funko, and XMedius Solutions Inc. are considered non-qualifying assets under Section 55 of the 1940 Act. Such non-qualifying assets represent 2.7% of total investments, at fair value, as of September 30, 2019.

(B) 

Unless indicated otherwise, all cash interest rates are indexed to 30-day LIBOR, which was 2.02% as of September 30, 2019. If applicable, PIK interest rates are noted separately from the cash interest rate. Certain securities are subject to an interest rate floor. The cash interest rate is the greater of the floor or LIBOR plus a spread. Due dates represent the contractual maturity date.

(C) 

Fair value was based on an internal yield analysis or on estimates of value submitted by ICE.

(D) 

Fair value was based on the indicative bid price on or near September 30, 2019, offered by the respective syndication agent’s trading desk.

(E) 

Fair value was based on the total enterprise value of the portfolio company, which was then allocated to the portfolio company’s securities in order of their relative priority in the capital structure.

(F)

Debt security has a fixed interest rate.

(G) 

Security is non-income producing.

(H)

Debt security is on non-accrual status.

(I)

Reserved.

(J)

Where applicable, aggregates all shares of a class of stock owned without regard to specific series owned within such class (some series of which may or may not be voting shares) or aggregates all warrants to purchase shares of a class of stock owned without regard to specific series of such class of stock such warrants allow us to purchase.

(K)

In February 2019, New Trident Holdcorp, Inc. filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.

(L)

There are certain limitations on our ability to withdraw our partnership interest prior to dissolution of the entity, which must occur no later than May 9, 2024 or two years after all outstanding leverage has matured.

(M)

Non-Control/Non-Affiliate investments, as defined by the 1940 Act, are those that are neither Control nor Affiliate investments and in which we own less than 5.0% of the issued and outstanding voting securities.

(N)

Affiliate investments, as defined by the 1940 Act, are those in which we own, with the power to vote, between and inclusive of 5.0% and 25.0% of the issued and outstanding voting securities.

(O)

Control investments, as defined by the 1940 Act, are those where we have the power to exercise a controlling influence over the management or policies of the portfolio company, which may include owning, with the power to vote, more than 25.0% of the issued and outstanding voting securities.

(P)

Debt security does not have a stated interest rate that is payable thereon.

(Q)

Fair value was based on the expected exit or payoff amount, where such event has occurred or is expected to occur imminently.

(R)

Fair value was based on net asset value provided by the fund as a practical expedient.

(S)

One of our affiliated funds, Gladstone Investment Corporation, co-invested with us in this portfolio company pursuant to an exemptive order granted by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

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(T)

Our investment in Funko was valued using Level 2 inputs within the ASC 820 fair value hierarchy. Our common units in Funko are convertible to class A common stock in Funko, Inc. upon meeting certain requirements. Fair value was based on the closing market price of shares of Funko, Inc. as of the reporting date, less a discount for lack of marketability. Funko, Inc. is traded on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the trading symbol “FNKO.” Refer to Note 3—Investments in the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

(U)

The cash interest rate on this investment was indexed to 90-day LIBOR, which was 2.09% as of September 30, 2019.

(V)

The cash interest rate on this investment was indexed to PRIME, which was 5.00% as of September 30, 2019.

(W)

Unless indicated otherwise, all of our investments are valued using Level 3 inputs within the ASC 820 fair value hierarchy. Refer to Note 3—Investments in the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

(X)

Represents the principal balance for debt investments and the number of shares/units held for equity investments. Warrants are represented as a percentage of ownership, as applicable.

(Y)

Category percentages represent the fair value of each category and subcategory as a percentage of net assets as of September 30, 2019.

(Z)

Cumulative gross unrealized depreciation for federal income tax purposes is $55.6 million; cumulative gross unrealized appreciation for federal income tax purposes is $19.8 million. Cumulative net unrealized depreciation is $35.8 million, based on a tax cost of $438.6 million.

(AA)

Investment was exited subsequent to September 30, 2019.

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

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GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

MARCH 31, 2020

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA AND AS OTHERWISE INDICATED)

NOTE 1. ORGANIZATION

Gladstone Capital Corporation was incorporated under the Maryland General Corporation Law on May 30, 2001 and completed an initial public offering on August 24, 2001. The terms “the Company,” “we,” “our” and “us” all refer to Gladstone Capital Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries. We are an externally managed, closed-end, non-diversified management investment company that has elected to be treated as a business development company (“BDC”) under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “1940 Act”), and are applying the guidance of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 946 “Financial Services-Investment Companies” (“ASC 946”). In addition, we have elected to be treated for U.S. federal income tax purposes as a regulated investment company (“RIC”) under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”). We were established for the purpose of investing in debt and equity securities of established private businesses operating in the United States (“U.S.”). Our investment objectives are to: (1) achieve and grow current income by investing in debt securities of established lower middle market companies (which we generally define as companies with annual earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”) of $3 million to $15 million) in the U.S. that we believe will provide stable earnings and cash flow to pay expenses, make principal and interest payments on our outstanding indebtedness and make distributions to stockholders that grow over time; and (2) provide our stockholders with long-term capital appreciation in the value of our assets by investing in equity securities of established businesses that we believe can grow over time to permit us to sell our equity investments for capital gains.

Gladstone Business Loan, LLC (“Business Loan”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of ours, was established on February 3, 2003, for the sole purpose of holding certain investments pledged as collateral to our line of credit. The financial statements of Business Loan are consolidated with those of Gladstone Capital Corporation. We also have significant subsidiaries (as defined under Rule 1-02(w) of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission’s (“SEC”) Regulation S-X) whose financial statements are not consolidated with ours. Refer to Note 12 – Unconsolidated Significant Subsidiaries for additional information regarding our unconsolidated significant subsidiaries.

We are externally managed by Gladstone Management Corporation (the “Adviser”), an affiliate of ours and an SEC registered investment adviser, pursuant to an investment advisory and management agreement (the “Advisory Agreement”). Administrative services are provided by Gladstone Administration, LLC (the “Administrator”), an affiliate of ours and the Adviser, pursuant to an administration agreement (the “Administration Agreement”). Refer to Note 4—Related Party Transactions for additional information regarding these arrangements.

NOTE 2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Unaudited Interim Financial Statements and Basis of Presentation

We prepare our interim financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and pursuant to the requirements for reporting on Form 10-Q and Articles 6, 10 and 12 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, we have not included in this quarterly report all of the information and notes required by GAAP for annual financial statements. The accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements include our accounts and those of our wholly-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. In accordance with Article 6 of Regulation S-X, we do not consolidate portfolio company investments. Under the investment company rules and regulations pursuant to the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants Audit and Accounting Guide for Investment Companies, codified in ASC 946, we are precluded from consolidating any entity other than another investment company, except that ASC 946 provides for the consolidation of a controlled operating company that provides substantially all of its services to the investment company or its consolidated subsidiaries. In our opinion, all adjustments, consisting solely of normal recurring accruals, necessary for the fair statement of financial statements for the interim periods have been included. The results of operations for the three and six months ended March 31, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of results that ultimately may be achieved for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2020 or any future interim periods. The interim financial statements and notes thereto should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019, as filed with the SEC on November 13, 2019 and amended on December 16, 2019.

Use of Estimates

Preparing financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in our accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements and these Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. Actual results may differ from those estimates.

 

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Reclassifications

Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation in the Consolidated Financial Statements and the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. Reclassifications did not impact net increase in net assets resulting from operations, total assets, total liabilities, or total net assets, Consolidated Statements of Changes in Net Assets, or Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows classifications.

Investment Valuation Policy

Accounting Recognition

We record our investments at fair value in accordance with the FASB ASC Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures” (“ASC 820”) and the 1940 Act. Investment transactions are recorded on the trade date. Realized gains or losses are generally measured by the difference between the net proceeds from the repayment or sale and the cost basis of the investment, without regard to unrealized appreciation or depreciation previously recognized, and include investments charged off during the period, net of recoveries. Unrealized appreciation or depreciation primarily reflects the change in investment fair values, including the reversal of previously recorded unrealized appreciation or depreciation when gains or losses are realized.

Board Responsibility

In accordance with the 1940 Act, our Board of Directors has the ultimate responsibility for reviewing and determining, in good faith, the fair value of our investments for which market quotations are not readily available based on our investment valuation policy (which has been approved by our Board of Directors) (the “Policy”). Such review occurs in three phases. First, prior to its quarterly meetings, the Board of Directors receives written valuation recommendations and supporting materials provided by professionals of the Adviser and Administrator with oversight and direction from the chief valuation officer (the “Valuation Team”). Second, the Valuation Committee of our Board of Directors (comprised entirely of independent directors) meets to review the valuation recommendations and supporting materials presented by the chief valuation officer. Third, after the Valuation Committee concludes its meeting, it and the chief valuation officer present the Valuation Committee’s findings to the entire Board of Directors so that the full Board of Directors may review and determine in good faith the fair value of such investments in accordance with the Policy.

There is no single standard for determining fair value (especially for privately-held businesses), as fair value depends upon the specific facts and circumstances of each individual investment. In determining the fair value of our investments, the Valuation Team, led by the chief valuation officer, uses the Policy, and each quarter the Valuation Committee and Board of Directors review the Policy to determine if changes thereto are advisable and whether the Valuation Team has applied the Policy consistently.

Use of Third Party Valuation Firms

The Valuation Team engages third party valuation firms to provide independent assessments of fair value of certain of our investments.

ICE Data Pricing and Reference Data, LLC (“ICE”), a valuation specialist, generally provides estimates of fair value on our proprietary debt investments. The Valuation Team generally assigns ICE’s estimates of fair value to our debt investments where we do not have the ability to effectuate a sale of the applicable portfolio company. The Valuation Team corroborates ICE’s estimates of fair value using one or more of the valuation techniques discussed below. The Valuation Team’s estimate of value on a specific debt investment may significantly differ from ICE’s. When this occurs, our Valuation Committee and Board of Directors review whether the Valuation Team has followed the Policy and whether the Valuation Team’s recommended fair value is reasonable in light of the Policy and other facts and circumstances before determining fair value.

We may engage other independent valuation firms to provide earnings multiple ranges, as well as other information, and evaluate such information for incorporation into the total enterprise value (“TEV”) of certain of our investments. Generally, at least once per year, we engage an independent valuation firm to value or review the valuation of each of our significant equity investments, which includes providing the information noted above. The Valuation Team evaluates such information for incorporation into our TEV, including review of all inputs provided by the independent valuation firm. The Valuation Team then makes a recommendation to our Valuation Committee and Board of Directors as to the fair value. Our Board of Directors reviews the recommended fair value, and whether it is reasonable in light of the Policy, and other relevant facts and circumstances before determining fair value.

Valuation Techniques

In accordance with ASC 820, the Valuation Team uses the following techniques when valuing our investment portfolio:

 

   

Total Enterprise Value — In determining the fair value using a TEV, the Valuation Team first calculates the TEV of the portfolio company by incorporating some or all of the following factors: the portfolio company’s ability to make payments and other specific portfolio company attributes; the earnings of the portfolio company (the trailing or projected twelve month revenue or EBITDA); EBITDA obtained from our indexing methodology whereby the original transaction EBITDA at the time of our closing is indexed to a general subset of comparable disclosed transactions and EBITDA from recent sales to third parties of similar securities in similar industries; a comparison to publicly traded securities in similar industries, and other pertinent factors. The Valuation Team generally reviews industry statistics and may use outside experts when gathering this information. Once the TEV is determined for a portfolio company,

 

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the Valuation Team generally allocates the TEV to the portfolio company’s securities based on the facts and circumstances of the securities, which typically results in the allocation of fair value to securities based on the order of their relative priority in the capital structure. Generally, the Valuation Team uses TEV to value our equity investments and, in the circumstances where we have the ability to effectuate a sale of a portfolio company, our debt investments.

TEV is primarily calculated using EBITDA; however, TEV may also be calculated using revenue multiples or a discounted cash flow (“DCF”) analysis whereby future expected cash flows of the portfolio company are discounted to determine a net present value using estimated risk-adjusted discount rates, which incorporate adjustments for nonperformance and liquidity risks. Generally, the Valuation Team uses a DCF analysis to calculate TEV to corroborate estimates of value for our equity investments where we do not have the ability to effectuate a sale of a portfolio company or for debt of credit impaired portfolio companies.

 

   

Yield Analysis — The Valuation Team generally determines the fair value of our debt investments for which we do not have the ability to effectuate a sale of the applicable portfolio company using the yield analysis, which includes a DCF calculation and assumptions that the Valuation Team believes market participants would use, including, estimated remaining life, current market yield, current leverage, and interest rate spreads. This technique develops a modified discount rate that incorporates risk premiums including increased probability of default, increased loss upon default and increased liquidity risk. Generally, the Valuation Team uses the yield analysis to corroborate both estimates of value provided by ICE and market quotes.

 

   

Market Quotes — For our investments for which a limited market exists, we generally base fair value on readily available and reliable market quotations which are corroborated by the Valuation Team (generally by using the yield analysis explained above). In addition, the Valuation Team assesses trading activity for similar investments and evaluates variances in quotations and other market insights to determine if any available quoted prices are reliable. Typically, the Valuation Team uses the lower indicative bid price (“IBP”) in the bid-to-ask price range obtained from the respective originating syndication agent’s trading desk on or near the valuation date. The Valuation Team may take further steps to consider additional information to validate that price in accordance with the Policy. For securities that are publicly traded, we generally base fair value on the closing market price of the securities we hold as of the reporting date. For restricted securities that are publicly traded, we generally base fair value on the closing market price of the securities we hold as of the reporting date less a discount for the restriction, which includes consideration of the nature and term to expiration of the restriction.

 

   

Investments in Funds — For equity investments in other funds for which we cannot effectuate a sale of the fund, the Valuation Team generally determines the fair value of our invested capital at the net asset value (“NAV”) provided by the fund. Any invested capital that is not yet reflected in the NAV provided by the fund is valued at par value. The Valuation Team may also determine fair value of our investments in other investment funds based on the capital accounts of the underlying entity.

In addition to the valuation techniques listed above, the Valuation Team may also consider other factors when determining the fair value of our investments, including: the nature and realizable value of the collateral, including external parties’ guaranties, any relevant offers or letters of intent to acquire the portfolio company, timing of expected loan repayments, and the markets in which the portfolio company operates.

Fair value measurements of our investments may involve subjective judgments and estimates and due to the uncertainty inherent in valuing these securities, the determinations of fair value may fluctuate from period to period and may differ materially from the values that could be obtained if a ready market for these securities existed. Our NAV could be materially affected if the determinations regarding the fair value of our investments are materially different from the values that we ultimately realize upon our disposal of such securities. Additionally, changes in the market environment and other events that may occur over the life of the investment may cause the gains or losses ultimately realized on these investments to be different than the valuations currently assigned. Further, such investments are generally subject to legal and other restrictions on resale or otherwise are less liquid than publicly traded securities. If we were required to liquidate a portfolio investment in a forced or liquidation sale, we could realize significantly less than the value at which it is recorded.

Refer to Note 3—Investments for additional information regarding fair value measurements and our application of ASC 820.

 

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Revenue Recognition

Interest Income Recognition

Interest income, including the amortization of premiums, acquisition costs and amendment fees, the accretion of original issue discounts (“OID”), and paid-in-kind (“PIK”) interest, is recorded on the accrual basis to the extent that such amounts are expected to be collected. Generally, when a loan becomes 90 days or more past due or if our qualitative assessment indicates that the debtor is unable to service its debt or other obligations, we will place the loan on non-accrual status and cease recognizing interest income on that loan for financial reporting purposes until the borrower has demonstrated the ability and intent to pay contractual amounts due. However, we remain contractually entitled to this interest. Interest payments received on non-accrual loans may be recognized as income or applied to the cost basis depending upon management’s judgment. Generally, non-accrual loans are restored to accrual status when past due principal and interest are paid and, in management’s judgment, are likely to remain current, or due to a restructuring such that the interest income is deemed to be collectible. As of March 31, 2020, loans to B+T Group Acquisition Inc. (“B+T”) were on non-accrual status with an aggregate debt cost basis of $7.2 million, or 1.7% of the cost basis of all debt investments in our portfolio, and an aggregate fair value of approximately $6.8 million, or 1.8% of the fair value of all debt investments in our portfolio. As of September 30, 2019, loans to Meridian Rack & Pinion Inc. and New Trident Holdcorp, Inc. were on non-accrual status with an aggregate debt cost basis of approximately $8.5 million, or 2.2% of the cost basis of all debt investments in our portfolio, and an aggregate fair value of approximately $0.1 million, or 0.0% of the fair value of all debt investments in our portfolio.

We currently hold, and we expect to hold in the future, some loans in our portfolio that contain OID or PIK provisions. We recognize OID for loans originally issued at discounts and recognize the income over the life of the obligation based on an effective yield calculation. PIK interest, computed at the contractual rate specified in a loan agreement, is added to the principal balance of a loan and recorded as income over the life of the obligation. Thus, the actual collection of PIK income may be deferred until the time of debt principal repayment. To maintain our ability to be taxed as a RIC, we may need to pay out both OID and PIK non-cash income amounts in the form of distributions, even though we have not yet collected the cash on either.

As of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019, we held six and ten OID loans, respectively, primarily from the syndicated loans in our portfolio. We recorded OID income of $19 thousand and $0.2 million during the three and six months ended March 31, 2020, respectively, and $11 thousand and $0.1 million during the three and six months ended March 31, 2019, respectively. The unamortized balance of OID investments as of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019 totaled $0.7 million and $0.8 million, respectively. As of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019, we had six and four investments which had a PIK interest component, respectively. We recorded PIK interest income of $0.4 million and $0.7 million during the three and six months ended March 31, 2020, respectively, as compared to $0.3 million and $0.7 million during the three and six months ended March 31, 2019, respectively. We collected $0 in PIK interest in cash during the three and six months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

Success Fee Income Recognition

We record success fees as income when earned, which often occurs upon receipt of cash. Success fees are generally contractually due upon a change of control in a portfolio company, typically resulting from an exit or sale, and are non-recurring.

Dividend Income Recognition

We accrue dividend income on preferred and common equity securities to the extent that such amounts are expected to be collected and if we have the option to collect such amounts in cash or other consideration.

Restricted Cash and Cash Equivalents

Restricted cash and cash equivalents are generally cash and cash equivalents held in escrow received as part of an investment exit. Restricted cash and cash equivalents are carried at cost, which approximates fair value.

Deferred Financing and Offering Costs

Deferred financing and offering costs consist of costs incurred to obtain financing, including lender fees and legal fees. Certain costs associated with our revolving line of credit are deferred and amortized using the straight-line method, which approximates the effective interest method, over the term of the revolving line of credit. Costs associated with the issuance of our notes payable are presented as discounts to the principal amount of the notes payable and are amortized using the straight-line method, which approximates the effective interest method, over the term of the notes. Costs associated with the issuance of our mandatorily redeemable preferred stock are presented as discounts to the liquidation value of the mandatorily redeemable preferred stock and are amortized using the straight-line method, which approximates the effective interest method, over the term of the respective series of preferred stock. Refer to Note 5 — Borrowings and Note 6 — Mandatorily Redeemable Preferred Stock for further discussion.

 

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Related Party Fees

We are party to the Advisory Agreement with the Adviser, which is owned and controlled by our chairman and chief executive officer. In accordance with the Advisory Agreement, we pay the Adviser fees as compensation for its services, consisting of a base management fee and an incentive fee. Additionally, we pay the Adviser a loan servicing fee as compensation for its services as servicer under the terms of our Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement with KeyBank National Association (“KeyBank”), as administrative agent, lead arranger and lender (our “Credit Facility”). These fees are accrued at the end of the quarter when the services are performed and generally paid the following quarter.

We are also party to the Administration Agreement with the Administrator, which is owned and controlled by our chairman and chief executive officer, whereby we pay separately for administrative services. Refer to Note 4—Related Party Transactions for additional information regarding these related party fees and agreements.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In March 2020, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2020-04, “Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting” (“ASU 2020-04”). ASU 2020-04 provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying generally accepted accounting principles to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions affected by reference rate reform if certain criteria are met. ASU 2020-04 was effective immediately. The adoption of ASU 2020-04 did not have a material impact on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In August 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2018-13,Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework—Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value” (“ASU 2018-13”), which modifies the disclosure requirements in ASC 820. We are currently assessing the impact of ASU 2018-13 and do not anticipate a material impact on our disclosures. ASU 2018-13 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted.

 

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NOTE 3. INVESTMENTS

Fair Value

In accordance with ASC 820, the fair value of each investment is determined to be the price that would be received for an investment in a current sale, which assumes an orderly transaction between willing market participants on the measurement date. This fair value definition focuses on exit price in the principal, or most advantageous, market and prioritizes, within a measurement of fair value, the use of market-based inputs over entity-specific inputs. ASC 820 also establishes the following three-level hierarchy for fair value measurements based upon the transparency of inputs to the valuation of a financial instrument as of the measurement date.

 

   

Level 1 — inputs to the valuation methodology are quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical financial instruments in active markets;

 

   

Level 2 — inputs to the valuation methodology include quoted prices for similar financial instruments in active or inactive markets, and inputs that are observable for the financial instrument, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the financial instrument. Level 2 inputs are in those markets for which there are few transactions, the prices are not current, little public information exists or instances where prices vary substantially over time or among brokered market makers; and

 

   

Level 3 — inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable and significant to the fair value measurement. Unobservable inputs are those inputs that reflect assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the financial instrument and can include the Valuation Team’s assumptions based upon the best available information.

When a determination is made to classify our investments within Level 3 of the valuation hierarchy, such determination is based upon the significance of the unobservable factors to the overall fair value measurement. However, Level 3 financial instruments typically include, in addition to the unobservable, or Level 3, inputs, observable inputs (or components that are actively quoted and can be validated to external sources). The level in the fair value hierarchy within which the fair value measurement falls is determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Investments in funds measured using NAV as a practical expedient are not categorized within the fair value hierarchy.

As of March 31, 2020, all of our investments were valued using Level 3 inputs within the ASC 820 fair value hierarchy, except for our investment in Funko Acquisition Holdings, LLC (“Funko”), which was valued using Level 2 inputs, and our investment in Leeds Novamark Capital I, L.P. (“Leeds”), which was valued using NAV as a practical expedient. As of September 30, 2019, all of our investments were valued using Level 3 inputs within the ASC 820 fair value hierarchy, except for our investment in Funko, which was valued using Level 2 inputs, and our investment in Leeds, which was valued using NAV as a practical expedient.

We transfer investments in and out of Level 1, 2, and 3 of the valuation hierarchy as of the beginning balance sheet date, based on changes in the use of observable and unobservable inputs utilized to perform the valuation for the period. During the six months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, there were no investments transferred into or out of Levels 1, 2 or 3 of the valuation hierarchy.

As of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019, our investments, by security type, at fair value were categorized as follows within the ASC 820 fair value hierarchy:

 

           Fair Value Measurements  
     Fair Value     Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets

(Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs

(Level 2)
    Significant
Unobservable
Inputs

(Level 3)
 

As of March 31, 2020:

         

Secured first lien debt

   $ 187,597     $ —        $ —       $ 187,597  

Secured second lien debt

     174,822       —          —         174,822  

Unsecured debt

     3,969       —          —         3,969  

Preferred equity

     7,088       —          —         7,088  

Common equity/equivalents

     20,495 (A)      —          33 (B)      20,462  
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Investments at March 31, 2020

   $ 393,971     $ —        $ 33     $ 393,938  
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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           Fair Value Measurements  
     Fair Value     Quoted
Prices in
Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets

(Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs

(Level 2)
    Significant
Unobservable
Inputs

(Level 3)
 

As of September 30, 2019:

         

Secured first lien debt

   $ 178,213     $ —        $ —       $ 178,213  

Secured second lien debt

     181,541       —          —         181,541  

Unsecured debt

     3,933       —          —         3,933  

Preferred equity

     9,854       —          —         9,854  

Common equity/equivalents

     25,274 (A)      —          170 (B)      25,104  
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Investments at September 30, 2019

   $ 398,815     $ —        $ 170     $ 398,645  
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(A)

Excludes our investment in Leeds with a fair value of $4.3 million and $4.1 million as of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively. Leeds was valued using NAV as a practical expedient.

(B)

Fair value was determined based on the closing market price of shares of Funko, Inc. (our units in Funko can be converted into common shares of Funko, Inc.) at the reporting date less a discount for lack of marketability as our investment was subject to certain restrictions.

The following table presents our portfolio investments, valued using Level 3 inputs within the ASC 820 fair value hierarchy and carried at fair value as of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019, by caption on our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities, and by security type:

 

    

Total Recurring Fair Value Measurements

Reported in

 
     Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities
Using Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)
 
     March 31, 2020     September 30, 2019  

Non-Control/Non-Affiliate Investments

    

Secured first lien debt

   $ 173,789     $ 163,490  

Secured second lien debt

     138,439       148,630  

Unsecured debt

     3,969       3,933  

Preferred equity

     4,922       8,273  

Common equity/equivalents

     15,111 (A)      17,320 (B) 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Non-Control/Non-Affiliate Investments

   $ 336,230     $ 341,646  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Affiliate Investments

    

Secured first lien debt

   $ 7,971     $ 8,005  

Secured second lien debt

     28,318       24,846  

Preferred equity

     2,166       1,581  

Common equity/equivalents

     1,312       989  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Affiliate Investments

   $ 39,767     $ 35,421  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Control Investments

    

Secured first lien debt

   $ 5,837     $ 6,718  

Secured second lien debt

     8,065       8,065  

Common equity/equivalents

     4,039       6,795  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Control Investments

   $ 17,941     $ 21,578  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Investments at Fair Value Using Level 3 Inputs

   $ 393,938     $ 398,645  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(A)

Excludes our investments in Leeds and Funko with fair values of $4.3 million and $33 thousand, respectively, as of March 31, 2020. Leeds was valued using NAV as a practical expedient, and Funko was valued using Level 2 inputs.

(B)

Excludes our investments in Leeds and Funko with fair values of $4.1 million and $0.2 million, respectively, as of September 30, 2019. Leeds was valued using NAV as a practical expedient, and Funko was valued using Level 2 inputs.

 

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Table of Contents

In accordance with ASC 820, the following table provides quantitative information about our Level 3 fair value measurements of our investments as of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019. The table below is not intended to be all-inclusive, but rather provides information on the significant Level 3 inputs as they relate to our fair value measurements. The weighted average calculations in the table below are based on the principal balances for all debt related calculations and on the cost basis for all equity related calculations for the particular input.

 

     Quantitative Information about Level 3 Fair Value Measurements  
     Fair Value as of                  Range/Weighted Average as of  
     March 31,
2020
     September 30,
2019
     Valuation
Techniques/
Methodologies
     Unobservable
Input
   March 31,
2020
     September 30,
2019
 

Secured first lien debt(A)

     $169,544        $171,383        Yield Analysis      Discount Rate     

10.0% - 23.9% /

15.2%

 

 

    

9.8% - 18.0% /

12.4%

 

 

     18,053        6,830        TEV      EBITDA multiple     

4.9x - 4.9x /

4.9x

 

 

    

6.5x - 6.5x /

6.5x

 

 

            EBITDA     
$6,024 - $6,024 /
$6,024
 
 
    
$830 - $830 /
$830
 
 
            Revenue multiple     

0.3x - 0.3x /

0.3x

 

 

    

0.3x - 0.3x /

0.3x

 

 

            Revenue     
$6,899 - $16,600 /
$15,797
 
 
    
$6,663 - $18,978 /
$17,959
 
 

Secured second lien debt

     142,187        136,115        Yield Analysis      Discount Rate     
10.2% - 22.9% /
15.0%

 
    
11.5% - 16.8% /
12.6%

 
     24,570        37,361        Market Quote      IBP     
70.0% - 89.0% /
79.3%
 
 
    
94.0% - 101.0% /
97.3%
 
 
     8,065        8,065        TEV      EBITDA multiple     

5.0x - 5.0x /

5.0x

 

 

    

5.4x - 6.5x /

5.8x

 

 

            EBITDA     
$3,232 - $3,232 /
$3,232
 
 
    
$3,571 - $37,311 /
$15,498
 
 

Unsecured debt

     3,969        3,933        Yield Analysis      Discount Rate     
17.8% - 17.8% /
17.8%
 
 
    

12.2% - 12.2% /

12.2%

 

 

Preferred and common equity / equivalents(B)

     27,550        34,958        TEV      EBITDA multiple     

3.1x - 8.0x /

5.8x

 

 

    

3.3x - 8.9x /

6.4x

 

 

            EBITDA     

$356 - $52,523 /

$14,315

 

 

    
$715 - $48,973 /
$14,853

 
            Revenue multiple     

0.3x - 1.4x /

0.8x

 

 

    

0.3x - 1.4x /

0.8x

 

 

            Revenue     

$949 - $60,364 /

$24,678

 

 

    

$1,033 - $61,584 /

$25,814

 

 

  

 

 

    

 

 

             

Total Level 3 Investments, at Fair Value

     $  393,938        $  398,645              
  

 

 

    

 

 

             

 

(A)

Fair value as of September 30, 2019 includes two proprietary debt investments totaling $15.5 million, which were valued using the expected payoff amount as the unobservable input.

(B)

Fair value as of March 31, 2020 excludes our investments in Leeds and Funko with fair values of $4.3 million and $33 thousand, respectively, as of March 31, 2020. Fair value as of September 30, 2019 excludes our investments in Leeds and Funko with fair values of $4.1 million and $0.2 million, respectively, as of September 30, 2019. Leeds was valued using NAV as a practical expedient and Funko was valued using Level 2 inputs as of both March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019.

 

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Fair value measurements can be sensitive to changes in one or more of the valuation inputs. Changes in discount rates, EBITDA or EBITDA multiples (or revenue or revenue multiples), each in isolation, may change the fair value of certain of our investments. Generally, an increase/(decrease) in market yields, discount rates, or an increase/(decrease) in EBITDA or EBITDA multiples (or revenue or revenue multiples) may result in a corresponding increase/(decrease), respectively, in the fair value of certain of our investments.

Changes in Level 3 Fair Value Measurements of Investments

The following tables provide the changes in fair value, broken out by security type, during the three and six months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 for all investments for which we determine fair value using unobservable (Level 3) inputs.

Fair Value Measurements Using Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)

 

Three months ended March 31, 2020

   Secured
First Lien
Debt
    Secured
Second
Lien Debt
    Unsecured
Debt
    Preferred
Equity
    Common
Equity/
Equivalents
    Total  

Fair Value as of December 31, 2019

   $ 215,340     $ 173,644     $ 4,049     $ 9,474     $ 22,183     $ 424,690  

Total gains (losses):

 

Net realized gain (loss)(A)

     (4,140     —         —         (1,449     2,508       (3,081

Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation)(B)

     (13,944     (14,431     (185     (5,857     (71     (34,488

Reversal of prior period net depreciation (appreciation) on realization(B)

     4,113       (20     —         1,449       (2,550     2,992  

New investments, repayments and settlements: (C)

 

Issuances/originations

     2,157       23,092       105       3,471       1,350       30,175  

Settlements/repayments

     (15,929     (7,463     —         —         —         (23,392

Net proceeds from sales

     —         —         —         —         (2,958     (2,958
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Fair Value as of March 31, 2020

   $ 187,597     $ 174,822     $ 3,969     $ 7,088     $ 20,462     $ 393,938  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements Using Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)

 

Six months ended March 31, 2020

   Secured
First Lien
Debt
    Secured
Second
Lien Debt
    Unsecured
Debt
    Preferred
Equity
    Common
Equity/
Equivalents
    Total  

Fair Value as of September 30, 2019

   $ 178,213     $ 181,541     $ 3,933     $ 9,854     $ 25,104     $ 398,645  

Total gains (losses):

 

Net realized gain (loss)(A)

     (4,140     (4,409     —         (1,449     2,508       (7,490

Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation)(B)

     (14,481     (14,563     (171     (6,537     (2,992     (38,744

Reversal of prior period net depreciation (appreciation) on realization(B)

     4,113       4,287       —         1,449       (2,550     7,299  

New investments, repayments and settlements: (C)

 

Issuances/originations

     41,560       26,150       207       3,771       1,350       73,038  

Settlements/repayments

     (17,668     (18,184     —           —         —         (35,852

Net proceeds from sales

     —         —         —         —         (2,958     (2,958
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Fair Value as of March 31, 2020

   $ 187,597     $ 174,822     $ 3,969     $ 7,088     $ 20,462     $ 393,938  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

Fair Value Measurements Using Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)

 

Three months ended March 31, 2019

   Secured
First Lien
Debt
    Secured
Second
Lien Debt
    Unsecured
Debt
     Preferred
Equity
    Common
Equity/
Equivalents
    Total  

Fair Value as of December 31, 2018

   $ 232,651     $ 149,783     $ 3,649      $ 14,606     $ 26,601     $ 427,290  

Total gains (losses):

 

Net realized gain (loss)(A)

     —         —         —          (7     2,093       2,086  

Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation)(B)

     (3,212     868       27        1,276       3,169       2,128  

Reversal of prior period net depreciation (appreciation) on realization(B)

     742       (65     —          (188     (2,134     (1,645

New investments, repayments and settlements: (C)

 

Issuances/originations

     1,157       3,359       95        —         118       4,729  

Settlements/repayments

     (12,057     (35,254     —          —         (1,135     (48,446

Net proceeds from sales

     —         —         —          (532     (2,238     (2,770

Transfers

     (30,000     30,000       —          436       (436     —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Fair Value as of March 31, 2019

   $ 189,281     $ 148,691     $ 3,771      $ 15,591     $ 26,038     $ 383,372  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements Using Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)

 

Six months ended March 31, 2019

   Secured
First Lien
Debt
    Secured
Second
Lien Debt
    Unsecured
Debt
    Preferred
Equity
    Common
Equity/
Equivalents
    Total  

Fair Value as of September 30, 2018

   $ 199,625     $ 156,373     $ 3,655     $ 7,749     $ 18,661     $ 386,063  

Total gains (losses):

 

Net realized gain (loss)(A)

     —         (25,634     —         (1,226     2,083       (24,777

Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation)(B)

     (7,946     (1,024     (71     1,471       6,733       (837

Reversal of prior period net depreciation
(appreciation) on realization(B)

     742       18,980       —         1,027       (2,133     18,616  

New investments, repayments and settlements: (C)

 

Issuances/originations

     44,153       10,125       187       5,312       4,494       64,271  

Settlements/repayments

     (17,293     (38,779     —         —         (1,135     (57,207

Net proceeds from sales

     —         —         —         (528     (2,229     (2,757

Transfers

     (30,000     28,650       —         1,786       (436     —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Fair Value as of March 31, 2019

   $ 189,281     $ 148,691     $ 3,771     $ 15,591     $ 26,038     $ 383,372  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(A)

Included in net realized gain (loss) on investments on our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations for the corresponding period.

(B) 

Included in net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investments on our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations for the corresponding period.

(C) 

Includes increases in the cost basis of investments resulting from new portfolio investments, accretion of discounts, PIK, and other non-cash disbursements to portfolio companies, as well as decreases in the cost basis of investments resulting from principal repayments or sales, the amortization of premiums and acquisition costs and other cost-basis adjustments.

 

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Table of Contents

Investment Activity

Proprietary Investments

As of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019, we held 36 and 37 proprietary investments with an aggregate fair value of $363.1 million and $353.7 million, or 91.2% and 87.8% of the total portfolio at fair value, respectively. The following significant proprietary investment transactions occurred during the six months ended March 31, 2020:

 

   

In October 2019, we invested $14.0 million in Universal Survey Center, Inc. through secured first lien debt.

 

   

In December 2019, we invested $24.0 million in Café Zupas through secured first lien debt.

 

   

In January 2020, we invested an additional $5.5 million in Lignetics, Inc., an existing portfolio company, through a combination of secured second lien debt and preferred equity.

 

   

In January 2020, we sold our investment in The Mochi Ice Cream Company, which resulted in a realized gain of approximately $2.5 million. In connection with the sale, we received net cash proceeds of approximately $9.7 million, including the repayment of our debt investment of $6.8 million at par.

 

   

In January 2020, we exited our investment in Meridian Rack & Pinion, Inc., with a fair value of $0 as of December 31, 2019 and recorded a realized loss of $5.6 million.

 

   

In February 2020, we invested $19.0 million in American Trailer Rental Group LLC through a combination of secured second lien debt and common equity.

 

   

In March 2020, our investments in XMedius America, Inc. and XMedius Solutions Inc. paid off at par for combined net proceeds of $14.9 million.

Syndicated Investments

As of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019, we held 12 and 16 syndicated investments with an aggregate fair value of $35.2 million and $49.2 million, or 8.8% and 12.2% of the total portfolio at fair value, respectively. The following significant syndicated investment transactions occurred during the six months ended March 31, 2020:

 

   

In October 2019, we invested an additional $3.0 million in Medical Solutions Holdings, Inc., an existing portfolio company, through secured second lien debt.

 

   

In October 2019, our investment in DigiCert Holdings, Inc. paid off at par for net proceeds of $2.4 million.

 

   

In December 2019, our investment in LDiscovery, LLC paid off at par for net proceeds of $5.0 million.

 

   

In December 2019, our investment in United PF Holdings, LLC paid off at par for net proceeds of $3.1 million. In conjunction with the payoff, we received a prepayment fee of $0.1 million.

 

   

In December 2019, we recorded a net realized loss of $4.4 million related to our investment in New Trident Holdcorp, Inc. which filed for bankruptcy protection in February 2019.

Investment Concentrations

As of March 31, 2020, our investment portfolio consisted of investments in 48 portfolio companies located in 24 states in 18 different industries, with an aggregate fair value of $398.3 million. The five largest investments at fair value as of March 31, 2020 totaled $130.6 million, or 32.8% of our total investment portfolio, as compared to the five largest investments at fair value as of September 30, 2019 totaling $135.5 million, or 33.6% of our total investment portfolio. As of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019, our average investment by obligor was $9.5 million and $8.1 million at cost, respectively.

 

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Table of Contents

The following table outlines our investments by security type as of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019:

 

     March 31, 2020     September 30, 2019  
     Cost     Fair Value     Cost     Fair Value  

Secured first lien debt

   $ 216,585        47.6   $ 187,597        47.1   $ 196,833        45.9   $ 178,213        44.2

Secured second lien debt

     191,126        42.0       174,822        43.9       187,569        43.8       181,541        45.1  

Unsecured debt

     4,295        0.9       3,969        1.0       4,088        1.0       3,933        1.0  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total debt investments

     412,006        90.5       366,388        92.0       388,490        90.7       363,687        90.3  

Preferred equity

     18,682        4.1       7,088        1.8       16,360        3.8       9,854        2.4  

Common equity/equivalents

     24,502        5.4       24,840        6.2       23,602        5.5       29,334        7.3  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total equity investments

     43,184        9.5       31,928        8.0       39,962        9.3       39,188        9.7  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Investments

   $ 455,190        100.0   $ 398,316        100.0   $ 428,452        100.0   $ 402,875        100.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Our investments at fair value consisted of the following industry classifications as of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019:

 

     March 31, 2020     September 30, 2019  

Industry Classification

   Fair Value      Percentage of
Total
Investments
    Fair Value      Percentage of
Total
Investments
 

Diversified/Conglomerate Service

   $ 112,191        28.2   $ 116,923        29.0

Healthcare, Education, and Childcare

     38,997        9.8       39,515        9.8  

Cargo Transportation

     33,925        8.5       15,225        3.8  

Telecommunications

     28,887        7.3       46,111        11.4  

Beverage, Food, and Tobacco

     27,682        7.0       12,486        3.1  

Diversified Natural Resources, Precious Metals, and Minerals

     27,486        6.9       22,839        5.7  

Oil and Gas

     27,376        6.9       35,051        8.7  

Automobile

     19,166        4.8       23,529        5.8  

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing

     16,108        4.0       17,923        4.4  

Aerospace and Defense

     15,307        3.8       15,164        3.8  

Chemicals, Plastics, and Rubber

     10,793        2.7       11,448        2.8  

Machinery

     10,163        2.6       10,724        2.7  

Home and Office Furnishings, Housewares, and Durable Consumer Products

     9,550        2.4       9,800        2.4  

Hotels, Motels, Inns, and Gaming

     6,167        1.5       7,209        1.8  

Textiles and Leather

     5,219        1.3       6,104        1.5  

Personal and Non-Durable Consumer Products

     4,343        1.1       4,747        1.2  

Buildings and Real Estate

     3,228        0.8       3,410        0.9  

Other, < 2.0%

     1,728        0.4       4,667        1.2  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Investments

   $ 398,316        100.0   $ 402,875        100.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Our investments at fair value were included in the following U.S. geographic regions and Canada as of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019:

 

     March 31, 2020     September 30, 2019  

Location

   Fair Value      Percentage of
Total
Investments
    Fair Value      Percentage of
Total
Investments
 

South

   $ 165,861        41.6   $ 171,985        42.7

West

     134,652        33.8       118,078        29.3  

Midwest

     52,954        13.3       56,149        13.9  

Northeast

     44,849        11.3       49,914        12.4  

Canada

     —          —         6,749        1.7  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Investments

   $ 398,316        100.0   $ 402,875        100.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

The geographic composition indicates the location of the headquarters for our portfolio companies. A portfolio company may have additional locations in other geographic regions.

 

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Table of Contents

Investment Principal Repayments

The following table summarizes the contractual principal repayment and maturity of our investment portfolio by fiscal year, assuming no voluntary prepayments, as of March 31, 2020:

 

          Amount  

For the remaining six months ending September 30:

   2020    $ 10,027  

For the fiscal years ending September 30:

   2021      64,718  
   2022      79,810  
   2023      46,074  
   2024      63,843  
   Thereafter      148,321  
     

 

 

 
  

Total contractual repayments

   $ 412,793  
   Adjustments to cost basis of debt investments      (787
   Investments in equity securities      43,184  
     

 

 

 
  

Investments held as of March 31, 2020 at cost:

   $ 455,190  
     

 

 

 

Receivables from Portfolio Companies

Receivables from portfolio companies represent non-recurring costs incurred on behalf of such portfolio companies and are included in other assets on our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities. We generally maintain an allowance for uncollectible receivables from portfolio companies when the receivable balance becomes 90 days or more past due or if it is determined, based upon management’s judgment, that the portfolio company is unable to pay its obligations. We write-off accounts receivable when we have exhausted collection efforts and have deemed the receivables uncollectible. As of both March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019, we had gross receivables from portfolio companies of $0.7 million. The allowance for uncollectible receivables was $13 thousand and $16 thousand as of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively.

NOTE 4. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

Transactions with the Adviser

We have been externally managed by the Adviser pursuant to the Advisory Agreement since October 1, 2004 pursuant to which we pay the Adviser a base management fee and an incentive fee for its services. On July 9, 2019, our Board of Directors, including a majority of the directors who are not parties to the Advisory Agreement or interested persons of such party, unanimously approved the renewal of the Advisory Agreement through August 31, 2020.

We also pay the Adviser a loan servicing fee for its role of servicer pursuant to our Credit Facility. The entire loan servicing fee paid to the Adviser by Business Loan is non-contractually, unconditionally and irrevocably credited against the base management fee otherwise payable to the Adviser, since Business Loan is a consolidated subsidiary of ours, and overall, the base management fee (including any loan servicing fee) cannot exceed 1.75% of total assets (including investments made with proceeds of borrowings, less any uninvested cash or cash equivalents resulting from borrowings) during any given fiscal year pursuant to the Advisory Agreement.

Two of our executive officers, David Gladstone (our chairman and chief executive officer) and Terry Lee Brubaker (our vice chairman and chief operating officer), serve as directors and executive officers of the Adviser, which is 100% indirectly owned and controlled by Mr. Gladstone. Robert Marcotte (our president) also serves as an executive managing director of the Adviser.

 

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Table of Contents

The following table summarizes the base management fee, incentive fee, and loan servicing fee and associated non-contractual, unconditional and irrevocable credits reflected in our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
    Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2020     2019     2020     2019  

Average total assets subject to base management fee(A)

   $ 420,571     $ 416,914     $ 421,943     $ 417,371  

Multiplied by prorated annual base management fee of 1.75%

     0.4375 %      0.4375     0.875 %      0.875
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Base management fee(B)

   $ 1,840     $ 1,824     $ 3,692     $ 3,652  

Portfolio company fee credit

     (263     (141     (615     (685

Syndicated loan fee credit

     (101 )      (92     (222 )      (175
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Base Management Fee

   $ 1,476     $ 1,591     $ 2,855     $ 2,792  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loan servicing fee(B)

     1,443       1,233       2,846       2,495  

Credit to base management fee—loan servicing fee(B)

     (1,443 )      (1,233     (2,846 )      (2,495
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Loan Servicing Fee

   $ —       $ —       $ —       $ —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Incentive fee(B)

     1,227       1,383       2,621       2,743  

Incentive fee credit

     (1,641 )      (487     (2,481     (1,034
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Incentive Fee

   $ (414   $ 896     $ 140     $ 1,709  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Portfolio company fee credit

     (263     (141     (615     (685

Syndicated loan fee credit

     (101     (92     (222     (175

Incentive fee credit

     (1,641 )      (487     (2,481 )      (1,034
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Credits to Fees From Adviser—other(B)

   $ (2,005   $ (720   $ (3,318   $ (1,894
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(A) 

Average total assets subject to the base management fee is defined in the Advisory Agreement as total assets, including investments made with proceeds of borrowings, less any uninvested cash or cash equivalents resulting from borrowings, valued at the end of the two most recently completed quarters within the respective years and adjusted appropriately for any share issuances or repurchases during the period.

(B)

Reflected as a line item on our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Base Management Fee

The base management fee is payable quarterly to the Adviser pursuant to our Advisory Agreement and is assessed at an annual rate of 1.75%, computed on the basis of the value of our average total assets at the end of the two most recently-completed quarters (inclusive of the current quarter), which are total assets, including investments made with proceeds of borrowings, less any uninvested cash or cash equivalents resulting from borrowings and adjusted appropriately for any share issuances or repurchases during the period.

Additionally, pursuant to the requirements of the 1940 Act, the Adviser makes available significant managerial assistance to our portfolio companies. The Adviser may also provide other services to our portfolio companies under certain agreements and may receive fees for services other than managerial assistance. Such services may include: (i) assistance obtaining, sourcing or structuring credit facilities, long term loans or additional equity from unaffiliated third parties; (ii) negotiating important contractual financial relationships; (iii) consulting services regarding restructuring of the portfolio company and financial modeling as it relates to raising additional debt and equity capital from unaffiliated third parties; and (iv) taking a primary role in interviewing, vetting and negotiating employment contracts with candidates in connection with adding and retaining key portfolio company management team members. The Adviser non-contractually, unconditionally, and irrevocably credits 100% of any fees for such services against the base management fee that we would otherwise be required to pay to the Adviser; however, pursuant to the terms of the Advisory Agreement, a small percentage of certain of such fees, totaling $0 and $15 thousand for the three and six months ended March 31, 2020 and $11 thousand and $21 thousand for the three and six months ended March 31, 2019, respectively, was retained by the Adviser in the form of reimbursement, at cost, for tasks completed by personnel of the Adviser primarily for the valuation of portfolio companies.

Our Board of Directors accepted a non-contractual, unconditional, and irrevocable credit from the Adviser to reduce the annual base management fee on syndicated loan participations to 0.5%, to the extent that proceeds resulting from borrowings were used to purchase such syndicated loan participations, for each of the three and six months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

Loan Servicing Fee

The Adviser also services the loans held by Business Loan (the borrower under the Credit Facility), in return for which the Adviser receives a 1.5% annual fee payable monthly based on the aggregate outstanding balance of loans pledged under our Credit Facility. As discussed in the notes to the table above, we treat payment of the loan servicing fee pursuant to the Credit Facility as a pre-payment of the base management fee under the Advisory Agreement. Accordingly, these loan servicing fees are 100% non-contractually, unconditionally and irrevocably credited back to us by the Adviser.

 

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Incentive Fee

The incentive fee consists of two parts: an income-based incentive fee and a capital gains-based incentive fee. The income-based incentive fee rewards the Adviser if our quarterly net investment income (before giving effect to any incentive fee) exceeds 1.75% of our net assets, which we define as total assets less indebtedness and before taking into account any incentive fees payable or contractually due but not payable during the period, at the end of the immediately preceding calendar quarter, adjusted appropriately for any share issuances or repurchases during the period (the “hurdle rate”). The income-based incentive fee with respect to our pre-incentive fee net investment income is generally payable quarterly to the Adviser and is computed as follows:

 

   

no incentive fee in any calendar quarter in which our pre-incentive fee net investment income does not exceed the hurdle rate;

 

   

100.0% of our pre-incentive fee net investment income with respect to that portion of such pre-incentive fee net investment income, if any, that exceeds the hurdle rate but is less than 2.1875% of our net assets, adjusted appropriately for any share issuances or repurchases during the period, in any calendar quarter; and

 

   

20.0% of the amount of our pre-incentive fee net investment income, if any, that exceeds 2.1875% of our net assets, adjusted appropriately for any share issuances or repurchases during the period, in any calendar quarter.

On April 14, 2020, our Board of Directors approved the Second Amended and Restated Investment Advisory and Management Agreement (the “Amended Agreement”) between the Company and the Adviser which revised the hurdle rate for the period beginning April 1, 2020 through March 31, 2021, increasing the hurdle rate from 1.75% per quarter (7% annualized) to 2.00% per quarter (8% annualized) and increasing the excess Incentive Fee hurdle rate from 2.1875% per quarter (8.75% annualized) to 2.4375% per quarter (9.75% annualized). See “Note 13 – Subsequent Events” below.

The second part of the incentive fee is a capital gains-based incentive fee that is determined and payable in arrears as of the end of each fiscal year (or upon termination of the Advisory Agreement, as of the termination date) and equals 20.0% of our “net realized capital gains” (as defined herein) as of the end of the fiscal year. In determining the capital gains-based incentive fee payable to the Adviser, we calculate “net realized capital gains” at the end of each applicable year by subtracting the sum of our cumulative aggregate realized capital losses and our entire portfolio’s aggregate unrealized capital depreciation from our cumulative aggregate realized capital gains. For this purpose, cumulative aggregate realized capital gains, if any, equals the sum of the differences between the net sales price of each investment, when sold, and the original cost of such investment since inception. Cumulative aggregate realized capital losses equals the sum of the amounts by which the net sales price of each investment, when sold, is less than the original cost of such investment since inception. The entire portfolio’s aggregate unrealized capital depreciation, if any, equals the sum of the difference between the valuation of each investment as of the applicable calculation date and the original cost of such investment. At the end of the applicable fiscal year, the amount of capital gains that serves as the basis for our calculation of the capital gains-based incentive fee equals the cumulative aggregate realized capital gains less cumulative aggregate realized capital losses, less the entire portfolio’s aggregate unrealized capital depreciation, if any. If this number is positive at the end of such fiscal year, then the capital gains-based incentive fee for such year equals 20.0% of such amount, less the aggregate amount of any capital gains-based incentive fees paid in respect of our portfolio in all prior years. No capital gains-based incentive fee has been recorded or paid since our inception through March 31, 2020, as cumulative unrealized capital depreciation has exceeded cumulative realized capital gains net of cumulative realized capital losses.

In accordance with GAAP, a capital gains-based incentive fee accrual is calculated using the aggregate cumulative realized capital gains and losses and aggregate cumulative unrealized capital appreciation and depreciation. If such amount is positive at the end of a period, then GAAP requires us to record a capital gains-based incentive fee equal to 20.0% of such amount, less the aggregate amount of actual capital gains-based incentive fees paid in all prior years. If such amount is negative, then there is no accrual for such period. GAAP requires that the capital gains-based incentive fee accrual consider the cumulative aggregate unrealized capital appreciation in the calculation, as a capital gains-based incentive fee would be payable if such unrealized capital appreciation were realized. There can be no assurance that such unrealized capital appreciation will be realized in the future. No GAAP accrual for a capital gains-based incentive fee has been recorded from our inception through March 31, 2020.

Our Board of Directors accepted non-contractual, unconditional and irrevocable credits from the Adviser to reduce the income-based incentive fee to the extent net investment income did not 100.0% cover distributions to common stockholders for the three and six months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

Transactions with the Administrator

We have entered into the Administration Agreement with the Administrator to provide administrative services. We reimburse the Administrator pursuant to the Administration Agreement for the portion of expenses the Administrator incurs while performing services for us. The Administrator’s expenses are primarily rent and the salaries, benefits and expenses of the Administrator’s employees, including: our chief financial officer and treasurer, chief compliance officer, chief valuation officer, and general counsel and secretary (who also serves as the Administrator’s president, general counsel and secretary) and their respective staffs. Two of our executive officers, David Gladstone (our chairman and chief executive officer) and Terry Lee Brubaker (our vice chairman and chief operating officer) serve as members of the board of managers and executive officers of the Administrator, which is 100% indirectly owned and controlled by Mr. Gladstone.

 

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Our allocable portion of the Administrator’s expenses is generally derived by multiplying the Administrator’s total expenses by the approximate percentage of time during the current quarter the Administrator’s employees performed services for us in relation to their time spent performing services for all companies serviced by the Administrator. On July 9, 2019, our Board of Directors, including a majority of the directors who are not parties to the Administration Agreement or interested persons of either party, approved the renewal of the Administration Agreement through August 31, 2020.

Other Transactions

Gladstone Securities, LLC (“Gladstone Securities”), a privately-held broker-dealer registered with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority and insured by the Securities Investor Protection Corporation, which is 100% indirectly owned and controlled by Mr. Gladstone, our chairman and chief executive officer, has provided other services, such as investment banking and due diligence services, to certain of our portfolio companies, for which Gladstone Securities receives a fee. Any such fees paid by portfolio companies to Gladstone Securities do not impact the fees we pay to the Adviser or the non-contractual, unconditional and irrevocable credits against the base management fee or incentive fee. Gladstone Securities received fees from portfolio companies totaling $0.1 million and $0.5 million during the three and six months ended March 31, 2020, respectively, and $0.1 million and $0.6 million during the three and six months ended March 31, 2019, respectively.

Related Party Fees Due

Amounts due to related parties on our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities were as follows:

 

     March 31, 2020      September 30, 2019  

Base management fee due to (from) Adviser

   $ 33      $ 61  

Loan servicing fee due to Adviser

     360        305  

Incentive fee due to (from) Adviser

     (414 )       1,086  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total fees due to (from) Adviser

     (21 )       1,452  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Fee due to Administrator

     551        366  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Related Party Fees Due

   $ 530      $ 1,818  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

In addition to the above fees, other operating expenses due to the Adviser as of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019, totaled $17 thousand and $32 thousand, respectively. In addition, net expenses payable to Gladstone Investment Corporation (for reimbursement purposes), which includes certain co-investment expenses, totaled $70 thousand and $0 as of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively. These amounts are generally settled in the quarter subsequent to being incurred and are included in other liabilities on the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities as of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019.

 

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NOTE 5. BORROWINGS

Revolving Credit Facility

On July 10, 2019, we, through Business Loan, entered into Amendment No. 5 to our Credit Facility with KeyBank, which (i) modified the covenants to reduce our minimum asset coverage with respect to senior securities representing indebtedness from 200% to 150% (or such percentage as may be set forth in Section 18 of the 1940 Act, as modified by Section 61 of the 1940 Act), (ii) amended the excess concentration limits definition to decrease the limit for non-first lien loans from 60% to 50% under certain circumstances and (iii) amended the distributions covenant to allow a distribution to be applied towards the redemption of our 6.00% Series 2024 Term Preferred Stock, par value $0.001 per share (“Series 2024 Term Preferred Stock”).

On March 9, 2018, we, through Business Loan, entered into Amendment No. 4 to our Credit Facility with KeyBank, which increased the commitment amount from $170.0 million to $190.0 million, extended the revolving period end date by approximately two years to January 15, 2021, decreased the marginal interest rate added to 30-day LIBOR from 3.25% to 2.85% per annum, and changed the unused commitment fee from 0.50% of the total unused commitment amount to 0.50% when the average unused commitment amount for the reporting period is less than or equal to 50%, 0.75% when the average unused commitment amount for the reporting period is greater than 50% but less than or equal to 65%, and 1.00% when the average unused commitment amount for the reporting period is greater than 65%. All principal and interest will be due and payable on April 15, 2022. Subject to certain terms and conditions, our Credit Facility may be expanded up to a total of $265.0 million through additional commitments of new or existing lenders. We incurred fees of approximately $1.2 million in connection with this amendment, which are being amortized through our Credit Facility’s revolving period end date of January 15, 2021.

The following tables summarize noteworthy information related to our Credit Facility:

 

     March 31, 2020      September 30, 2019  

Commitment amount

   $ 190,000      $ 190,000  

Borrowings outstanding, at cost

     92,100        66,900  

Availability(A)

     82,525        101,725  

 

     For the Three Months
Ended March 31,
    For the Six Months
Ended March 31,
 
     2020     2019     2020     2019  

Weighted average borrowings outstanding, at cost

   $ 89,482     $ 73,493     $ 88,817     $ 81,287  

Weighted average interest rate(B)

     5.3     6.6     5.3     6.3

Commitment (unused) fees incurred

   $ 183     $ 233     $ 373     $ 415  

 

(A) 

Available borrowings are subject to various constraints imposed under our Credit Facility, based on the aggregate loan balance pledged by Business Loan, which varies as loans are added and repaid, regardless of whether such repayments are prepayments or made as contractually required.

(B)

Includes unused commitment fees and excludes the impact of deferred financing fees.

Our Credit Facility also requires that any interest or principal payments on pledged loans be remitted directly by the borrower into a lockbox account with KeyBank. KeyBank is also the trustee of the account and generally remits the collected funds to us once each month. Amounts collected in the lockbox account with KeyBank are presented as Due from administrative agent on the accompanying Consolidated Statement of Assets and Liabilities as of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019.

Our Credit Facility contains covenants that require Business Loan to maintain its status as a separate legal entity, prohibit certain significant corporate transactions (such as mergers, consolidations, liquidations or dissolutions), and restrict material changes to our credit and collection policies without the lenders’ consent. Our Credit Facility also generally limits distributions to our stockholders on a fiscal year basis to the sum of our net investment income, net capital gains and amounts elected to have been paid during the prior year in accordance with Section 855(a) of the Code. Business Loan is also subject to certain limitations on the type of loan investments it can apply as collateral towards the borrowing base to receive additional borrowing availability under our Credit Facility, including restrictions on geographic concentrations, sector concentrations, loan size, payment frequency and status, average life and lien property. Our Credit Facility further requires Business Loan to comply with other financial and operational covenants, which obligate Business Loan to, among other things, maintain certain financial ratios, including asset and interest coverage and a minimum number of 25 obligors required in the borrowing base.

Additionally, we are required to maintain (i) a minimum net worth (defined in our Credit Facility to include our mandatorily redeemable preferred stock) of $205.0 million plus 50.0% of all equity and subordinated debt raised after May 1, 2015 less 50% of any equity and subordinated debt retired or redeemed after May 1, 2015, which equates to $268.1 million as of March 31, 2020, (ii) asset coverage with respect to “senior securities representing indebtedness” of at least 150% (or such percentage as may be set forth in Section 18 of the 1940 Act, as modified by Section 61 of the 1940 Act), and (iii) our status as a BDC under the 1940 Act and as a RIC under the Code.

 

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As of March 31, 2020, and as defined in our Credit Facility, we had a net worth of $310.9 million, asset coverage on our “senior securities representing indebtedness” of 213.2%, calculated in accordance with the requirements of Section 18 and 61 of the 1940 Act, and an active status as a BDC and RIC. In addition, we had 33 obligors in our Credit Facility’s borrowing base as of March 31, 2020. As of March 31, 2020, we were in compliance with all of our Credit Facility covenants.

Fair Value

We elected to apply the fair value option of ASC 825, “Financial Instruments,” specifically for the Credit Facility, which was consistent with our application of ASC 820 to our investments. Generally, the fair value of our Credit Facility is determined using a yield analysis which includes a DCF calculation and the assumptions that the Valuation Team believes market participants would use, including the estimated remaining life, counterparty credit risk, current market yield and interest rate spreads of similar securities as of the measurement date. As of March 31, 2020, the discount rate used to determine the fair value of our Credit Facility was 30-day LIBOR, plus 2.85% per annum, plus a 0.75% unused commitment fee. As of September 30, 2019, the discount rate used to determine the fair value of our Credit Facility was 30-day LIBOR, plus 2.65% per annum, plus a 0.75% unused commitment fee. Generally, an increase or decrease in the discount rate used in the DCF calculation may result in a corresponding decrease or increase, respectively, in the fair value of our Credit Facility. As of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019, our Credit Facility was valued using Level 3 inputs and any changes in its fair value are recorded in net unrealized depreciation (appreciation) of other on our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations.

The following tables present our Credit Facility carried at fair value as of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019, on our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities for Level 3 of the hierarchy established by ASC 820 and the changes in fair value of our Credit Facility during the three and six months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019:

 

     Total Recurring Fair Value Measurement Reported in  
     Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities Using
Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)
 
     March 31, 2020      September 30, 2019  

Credit Facility

   $ 92,100      $ 67,067  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements Using Significant Unobservable Data Inputs (Level 3)

 
     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2020      2019  

Fair value as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively

   $ 90,984      $ 102,200  

Borrowings

     32,900        6,000  

Repayments

     (31,600      (55,900

Net unrealized appreciation(A)

     (184 )       —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Fair Value as of March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively

   $ 92,100      $ 52,300  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements Using Significant Unobservable Data Inputs (Level 3)

 
     Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2020      2019  

Fair value as of September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively

   $ 67,067      $ 110,000  

Borrowings

     117,200        65,000  

Repayments

     (92,000      (122,700

Net unrealized appreciation(A)

     (167 )       —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Fair Value as of March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively

   $ 92,100      $ 52,300  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(A) 

Included in net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) of other on our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and six months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

The fair value of the collateral under our Credit Facility totaled approximately $363.7 million and $369.0 million as of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively.

Notes Payable

In October 2019, we completed a public debt offering of $38.8 million aggregate principal amount of 5.375% Notes due 2024 (the “2024 Notes”), inclusive of the overallotment option exercised by the underwriters, for net proceeds of approximately $37.5 million after deducting underwriting discounts, commissions and offering expenses borne by us.

In November 2018, we completed a public debt offering of $57.5 million aggregate principal amount of 6.125% Notes due 2023 (the “2023 Notes”), inclusive of the overallotment option exercised by the underwriters, for net proceeds of $55.4 million after deducting underwriting discounts, commissions and offering expenses borne by us.

 

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The 2024 and 2023 Notes are traded under the ticker symbols “GLADL” and “GLADD,” respectively, on the Nasdaq Global Select Market (“Nasdaq”). The 2024 Notes and 2023 Notes will mature on November 1, 2024 and November 1, 2023, respectively, and may be redeemed in whole or in part at any time or from time to time at the Company’s option on or after November 1, 2021 and November 1, 2020, respectively. The 2024 Notes and 2023 Notes bear interest at a rate of 5.375% and 6.125% per year, respectively, payable quarterly on February 1, May 1, August 1, and November 1 of each year (which equates to approximately $5.6 million per year). The 2024 Notes and 2023 Notes are recorded at the principal amount, less discounts and offering costs, on our Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities.

The indenture relating to the 2024 Notes and 2023 Notes contains certain covenants, including (i) an inability to incur additional debt or issue additional debt or preferred securities unless the Company’s asset coverage meets the threshold specified in the 1940 Act after such borrowing, (ii) an inability to declare any dividend or distribution (except a dividend payable in our stock) on a class of our capital stock or to purchase shares of our capital stock unless the Company’s asset coverage meets the threshold specified in the 1940 Act at the time of (and giving effect to) such declaration or purchase, and (iii) if, at any time, we are not subject to the reporting requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, we will provide the holders of the 2024 Notes and 2023 Notes and the trustee with audited annual consolidated financial statements and unaudited interim consolidated financial statements.

The fair value, based on the last quoted closing price, of the 2023 Notes as of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019 was $51.0 million and $60.1 million, respectively. The fair value, based on the last quoted closing price, of the 2024 Notes as of March 31, 2020 was $34.7 million. We consider the trading price of the 2024 Notes and 2023 Notes to be a Level 1 input within the ASC 820 hierarchy.

NOTE 6. MANDATORILY REDEEMABLE PREFERRED STOCK

In September 2017, we completed a public offering of approximately 2.1 million shares of our Series 2024 Term Preferred Stock at a public offering price of $25.00 per share. Gross proceeds totaled $51.8 million and net proceeds, after deducting underwriting discounts, commissions and offering expenses borne by us, were approximately $49.8 million. We incurred approximately $1.9 million in total underwriting discounts and offering costs related to the issuance of the Series 2024 Term Preferred Stock, which were recorded as discounts to the liquidation value on our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities and were previously amortized from issuance through September 30, 2024, the mandatory redemption date.

The shares of our Series 2024 Term Preferred Stock were traded under the ticker symbol “GLADN” on Nasdaq as of September 30, 2019. The asset coverage on our “senior securities that are stock” as of September 30, 2019 was 238.5%, calculated in accordance with Sections 18 and 61 of the 1940 Act.

On October 2, 2019, we voluntarily redeemed all 2,070,000 outstanding shares of our Series 2024 Term Preferred Stock at a redemption price of $25.00 per share which represents the liquidation preference per share, plus accrued and unpaid dividends through October 1, 2019 in the amount of $0.004166 per share, for a total payment per share of $25.004166 and an aggregate redemption price of approximately $51.8 million. In connection with the voluntary redemption of our Series 2024 Term Preferred Stock, we incurred a loss on extinguishment of debt of $1.4 million, which has been reflected in Realized loss on other in our accompanying Consolidated Statement of Operations and which is primarily comprised of the unamortized deferred issuance costs at the time of redemption.

We paid the following monthly dividends on our Series 2024 Term Preferred Stock for the six months ended March 31, 2019:

 

Fiscal Year

   Declaration Date    Record Date    Payment Date    Distribution per
Share of Series 2024
Term Preferred
Stock
 

2019

   October 9, 2018    October 19, 2018    October 31, 2018    $ 0.125  
   October 9, 2018    November 20, 2018    November 30, 2018      0.125  
   October 9, 2018    December 20, 2018    December 31, 2018      0.125  
   January 8, 2019    January 18, 2019    January 31, 2019      0.125  
   January 8, 2019    February 20, 2019    February 28, 2019      0.125  
   January 8, 2019    March 20, 2019    March 29, 2019      0.125  
           

 

 

 
      Six Months Ended March 31, 2019:    $ 0.75  
        

 

 

 

The federal income tax characteristics of dividends paid to our preferred stockholders generally constitute ordinary income to the extent of our current and accumulated earnings and profits and is reported after the end of the calendar year based on tax information for the full fiscal year. Estimates of tax characterization made on a quarterly basis may not be representative of the actual tax characterization of dividends for the full year. Estimates made on a quarterly basis are updated as of each interim reporting date. The tax characterization of dividends paid to our preferred stockholders during the calendar years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 was 100% from ordinary income.

 

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In accordance with ASC 480, “Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity,” mandatorily redeemable financial instruments should be classified as liabilities in the balance sheet. Our mandatorily redeemable preferred stock was recorded at the liquidation preference, less discounts, on our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities as of September 30, 2019. The related dividend payments to our mandatorily redeemable preferred stockholders are treated as dividend expense on our Consolidated Statements of Operations as of the ex-dividend date.

The fair value, based on the last quoted closing price, for our Series 2024 Term Preferred Stock as of September 30, 2019 was $51.8 million. We consider the trading price of our mandatorily redeemable preferred stock to be a Level 1 input within the fair value hierarchy.

NOTE 7. REGISTRATION STATEMENT AND COMMON EQUITY OFFERINGS

Our shelf registration statement permits us to issue, through one or more transactions, up to an aggregate of $300.0 million in securities, consisting of common stock, preferred stock, subscription rights, debt securities and warrants to purchase common stock or preferred stock. As of March 31, 2020, we had the ability to issue up to an additional $235.2 million in securities under the registration statement.

Common Stock Offerings

In February 2019, we entered into an equity distribution agreement with Jefferies LLC (the “Jefferies Sales Agreement”) under which we have the ability to issue and sell, from time to time, up to an aggregate offering price of $50.0 million shares of our common stock. During the six months ended March 31, 2020, we sold 846,716 shares of our common stock under the Jefferies Sales Agreement, at a weighted-average price of $10.39 per share and raised $8.8 million of gross proceeds. Net proceeds, after deducting commissions and offering costs borne by us, were approximately $8.6 million. As of March 31, 2020, we had a remaining capacity to sell up to an additional $24.0 million of our common stock under the Jefferies Sales Agreement.

NOTE 8. NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN NET ASSETS RESULTING FROM OPERATIONS PER WEIGHTED AVERAGE COMMON SHARE

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations per weighted average common share for the three and six months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
     Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2020      2019      2020      2019  

Numerator for basic and diluted net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations per common share

   $ (27,775    $ 9,330      $ (27,077    $ 5,622  

Denominator for basic and diluted weighted average common shares

     31,145,484        28,634,013        30,827,780        28,568,653  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic and diluted net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations per common share

   $ (0.89    $ 0.33      $ (0.87    $ 0.20  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

NOTE 9. DISTRIBUTIONS TO COMMON STOCKHOLDERS

To qualify to be taxed as a RIC under Subchapter M of the Code, we must generally distribute to our stockholders, for each taxable year, at least 90% of our taxable ordinary income plus the excess of our net short-term capital gains over net long-term capital losses (“Investment Company Taxable Income”). The amount to be paid out as distributions to our stockholders is determined by our Board of Directors quarterly and is based on management’s estimate of Investment Company Taxable Income. Based on that estimate, our Board of Directors declares three monthly distributions to common stockholders each quarter.

The federal income tax characteristics of all distributions will be reported to stockholders on the IRS Form 1099 after the end of each calendar year. For calendar year ended December 31, 2019, 97.4% of distributions to common stockholders were deemed to be paid from ordinary income and 2.6% of distributions to common stockholders were deemed to be a return of capital for 1099 stockholder reporting purposes. For the calendar year ended December 31, 2018, 100% of distributions to common stockholders were deemed to be paid from ordinary income for 1099 stockholder reporting purposes.

 

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We paid the following monthly distributions to common stockholders for the six months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019:

 

Fiscal Year

   Declaration
Date
   Record Date    Payment Date    Distribution
per Common
Share
 

2020

   October 8, 2019    October 22, 2019    October 31, 2019    $         0.07  
   October 8, 2019    November 19, 2019    November 29, 2019      0.07  
   October 8, 2019    December 19, 2019    December 31, 2019      0.07  
   January 14, 2020    January 24, 2020    January 31, 2020      0.07  
   January 14, 2020    February 19, 2020    February 28, 2020      0.07  
   January 14, 2020    March 20, 2020    March 31, 2020      0.07  
           

 

 

 
      Six Months Ended March 31, 2020:    $ 0.42  
        

 

 

 

 

Fiscal Year

   Declaration
Date
   Record Date    Payment Date    Distribution
per Common
Share
 

2019

   October 9, 2018    October 19, 2018    October 31, 2018    $         0.07  
   October 9, 2018    November 20, 2018    November 30, 2018      0.07  
   October 9, 2018    December 20, 2018    December 31, 2018      0.07  
   January 8, 2019    January 18, 2019    January 31, 2019      0.07  
   January 8, 2019    February 20, 2019    February 28, 2019      0.07  
   January 8, 2019    March 20, 2019    March 29, 2019      0.07  
           

 

 

 
      Six Months Ended March 31, 2019:    $ 0.42  
        

 

 

 

Aggregate distributions declared and paid to our common stockholders were approximately $13.0 million and $12.0 million for the six months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and were declared based on estimates of Investment Company Taxable Income for the respective fiscal years. For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019, distributions declared and paid exceeded taxable income available for common distributions resulting in a partial return of capital of approximately $0.7 million.

For the six months ended March 31, 2020 and the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019, we recorded the following adjustments for book-tax differences to reflect tax character. Results of operations, total net assets, and cash flows were not affected by these adjustments.

 

     Six Months Ended
March 31, 2020
     Year Ended
September 30, 2019
 

Undistributed net investment income

   $ (83    $ 355  

Accumulated net realized losses

     1,496        1,553  

Capital in excess of par value

     (1,413      (1,908

NOTE 10. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Legal Proceedings

We are party to certain legal proceedings incidental to the normal course of our business. We are required to establish reserves for litigation matters where those matters present loss contingencies that are both probable and estimable. When loss contingencies are not both probable and estimable, we do not establish reserves. Based on current knowledge, we do not believe that loss contingencies, if any, arising from pending investigations, litigation or regulatory matters will have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. Additionally, based on our current knowledge, we do not believe such loss contingencies are both probable and estimable and therefore, as of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019, we had no established reserves for such loss contingencies.

Escrow Holdbacks

From time to time, we enter into arrangements relating to exits of certain investments whereby specific amounts of the proceeds are held in escrow to be used to satisfy potential obligations, as stipulated in the sales agreements. We record escrow amounts in Restricted cash and cash equivalents, if received in cash but subject to potential obligations or other contractual restrictions, or as escrow receivables in Other assets, net, if not yet received in cash, on our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities. We establish reserves and holdbacks against escrow amounts if we determine that it is probable and estimable that a portion of the escrow amounts will not ultimately be released or received at the end of the escrow period. There were no aggregate reserves recorded against the escrow amounts as of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019.

 

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Financial Commitments and Obligations

We have lines of credit, delayed draw term loans, and an uncalled capital commitment with certain of our portfolio companies that have not been fully drawn. Since these commitments have expiration dates and we expect many will never be fully drawn, the total commitment amounts do not necessarily represent future cash requirements. We estimate the fair value of the combined unused lines of credit, the unused delayed draw term loans and the uncalled capital commitment as of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019 to be immaterial.

The following table summarizes the amounts of our unused lines of credit, delayed draw term loans and uncalled capital commitment, at cost, as of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019, which are not reflected as liabilities in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities:

 

     March 31,
2020
     September 30,
2019
 

Unused line of credit commitments

   $             17,445      $             12,360  

Delayed draw term loans

     8,030        10,000  

Uncalled capital commitment

     843        843  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 26,318      $ 23,203